July 26, 1806
Meriwether Lewis

The moring was cloudy and continued to rain as usual, tho' the cloud seemed somewhat thiner.  I therefore posponed seting out untill 9 A.M. in the hope that it would clear off but finding the contrary result I had the horses caught and we set out biding a last adieu to this place which I now call camp disappointment.  I took my rout through the open plains S.E. 5 ms. passing a small creek [Willow Creek, a tributary of Cut Bank Creek.] at 2 ms. from the mountains wher I changed my direction to S. 75 E. for 7 ms. further and struck a principal branch [Two Medicine River.] of Maria's river 65 yds. wide, not very deep, I passed this stream to it's south side and continued down it 2 ms. on the last mentioned course when another branch [Badger Creek meeting Two Medicine River.] of nearly the same dignity formed a junction with it, coming from the S.W.   this last is shallow and rappid; has the appearance of overflowing it's banks frequently and discharging vast torrants of water at certain seasons of the year.  the beds of both these streams are pebbly particularly the S. branch.  the water of the N. branch is very terbid while that of the S. branch is nearly clear not withstanding the late rains.   I passed the S. branch just above it's junction and continued down the river which runs a little to the N of E 1 ms. and halted to dine and graize our horses. [Approximately one mile below the mouth of Badger Creek on Two Medicine River. The general course of the river at this location is a little south of east.]   here I found some indian lodges which apeared to have been inhabited last winter in a large and fertile bottom well stocked with cottonwood timber.  the rose honeysuckle and redberry bushes constitute the undergrowth there being but litle willow in this quarter both these rivers abov their junction appeared to be well stocked with timber or comparitively so with other parts of the country.  here it is that we find the three species of cottonwood which I have remarked in my voyage assembled together  that speceis common to the Columbia I have never before seen on the waters of the Missouri, also the narrow and broad leafed speceis. [Lewis makes an astute ecological observation; the three major cottonwood species typical of the plains, the Rocky Mountains, and the Pacific Coast all occur together here in the eastern foothills of the Rocky Mountains. The Columbia species is Black Cottonwood, the "narrow" is Narrowleaf Cottonwood, and the "broak leafed" is Plains Cottonwood.] during our stay at this place R. Fields killed a buck a part of the flesh of which we took with us.  we saw a few Antelopes some wolves and 2 of the smallest speceis of fox [Swift Fox, Vulpes velox. See July 6 and 8, 1805.] of a redish brown colour with the extremity of the tail black.  it is about the size of the common domestic cat and burrows in the plains.   after dinner I continued my rout down the river to the North of East about 3 ms. when the hills putting in close on the S side I determined to ascend them to the high plain which I did accordingly, keeping the Fields with me; Drewyer passed the river and kept down the vally of the river.  I had intended to decend this river with it's course to it's junction with the fork which I had ascended and from thence have taken across the country obliquely to rose river and decend that stream to it's confluence with Maria's river. [Lewis intended to follow Two Medicine River to its junction with Cut Bank Creek, then head southeasterly to Teton River and follow that stream down to the junction with the Marias.]  the country through which this portion of Maria's river passes to the fork which I ascended appears much more broken than that above and abetween this and the mountains.  I had scarcely ascended the hills before I discovered to my left at the distance of a mile an assembleage of about 30 horses, I halted and used my spye glass by the help of which I discovered several indians on the top of an iminence just above them who appeared to be looking down towards the river I presumed at Drewyer. about half the horses were saddled. this was a very unpleasant sight, however I resolved to make the best of our situation and to approach them in a friendly manner. I directed J. Fields to display the flag which I had brought for that purpose and advanced slowly toward them, about this time they discovered us and appeared to run about in a very confused manner as if much allarmed, their attention had been previously so fixed on Drewyer that they did not discover us untill we had began to advance upon them,   some of them decended the hill on which they were and drove their horses within shot of it's summit and again returned to the hight as if to wate our arrival or to defend themselves.  I calculated on their number being nearly or quite equal to that of their horses, that our runing would invite pursuit as it would convince them that we were their enimies and our horses were so indifferent that we could not hope to make our escape by flight; added to this Drewyer was seperated from us and I feared that his not being apprized of the indians in the event of our attempting to escape he would most probably fall a sacrefice.  under these considerations I still advanced towards them; when we had arrived <at the distance of> within a quarter of a mile of them, one of them mounted his horse and rode full speed towards us, which when I discovered I halted and alighted from my horse; he came within a hundred paces halted looked at us and turned his horse about and returned as briskly to his party as he had advanced; while he halted near us I held out my hand and becconed to him to approach but he paid no attention to my overtures.  on his return to his party they all decended the hill and mounted their horses and advanced towards us leaving their horses behind them, we also advanced to meet them.  I counted eight of them but still supposed that there were others concealed as there were several other horses saddled.  I told the two men with me that I apprehended that these were the Minnetares of Fort de Prarie and from their known character I expected that we were to have some difficulty with them; that if they thought themselves sufficiently strong I was convinced they would attempt to rob us in which case be their numbers what they would I should resist to the last extremity prefering death to that of being deprived of my papers instruments and gun and desired that they would form the same resolution and be allert and on their guard.  when we arrived within a hundred yards of each other the indians except one halted I directed the two men with me to do the same and advanced singly to meet the indian with whom I shook hands and passed on to those in his rear, as he did also to the two men in my rear; we now all assembled and alighted from our horses; the Indians soon asked to smoke with us, but I told them that the man whom they had seen pass down the river had my pipe and we could not smoke untill he joined us.  I requested as they had seen which way he went that they would one of them go with one of my men in surch of him, this they readily concented to and a young man set out with R. Fields in surch of Drewyer.  I now asked them by sighns if they were the Minnetares of the North which they answered in the affermative; [Actually these Indians were Piegans, members of one of the three main divisions of the Blackfeet confederation, the other two being the Bloods and the Blackfeet proper.]  I asked if there was any cheif among them and they pointed out 3  I did not believe them however I thought it best to please them and gave to one a medal to a second a flag and to the third a handkercheif, with which they appeared well satisfyed.  they appeared much agitated with our first interview from which they had scarcely yet recovered, in fact I beleive they were more allarmed at this accedental interview than we were.  from no more of them appearing I now concluded they were only eight in number and became much better satisfyed with our situation as I was convinced that we could mannage that number should they attempt any hostile measures.  as it was growing late in the evening I proposed that we should remove to the nearest part of the river and encamp together, I told them that I was glad to see them and had a great deel to say to them.  we mounted our horses and rode towards the river which was at but a short distance, on our way we were joined by Drewyer Fields and the indian.   we decended a very steep bluff about 250 feet high to the river where there was a small bottom of nearly 1/2 a mile in length and about 250 yards wide in the widest part, [This campsite was along the south side of Two Medicine River about four miles below the mouth of Badger Creek and downstream from Kipps Coulee, about fourteen miles sosuthwest of Cut Bank, MT.]  the river washed the bluffs both above and below us and through it's course in this part is very deep; the bluffs are so steep that there are but few places where they could be ascended, and are broken in several places by deep nitches which extend back from the river several hundred yards, there bluffs being so steep that it is impossible to ascend them; in this bottom there stand t[h]ree solitary trees near one of which the indians formed a large semicircular camp of dressed buffaloe skins and invited us to partake of their shelter which Drewyer and myself accepted and the Fieldses lay near the fire in front of the she[l]ter.  with the assistance of Drewyer I had much conversation with these people in the course of the evenling.  I learned from them that they were a part of a large band which lay incamped at present near the foot of the rocky mountains on the main branch of Maria's river one 1/2 days march from our present encampment; that there was a whiteman with their band; that there was another large band of their nation hunting buffaloe near the broken mountains and were on there way to the mouth of Maria's river where they would probably be in the course of a few days.  they also informed us that from hence to the establishment where they trade on the Suskasawan river is only 6 days easy march or such as they usually travel with their women and childred which may be estimated at about 150 ms. [Lewis's estimated distance would take one to the Bow River in Alberta, where there was a North West Company post reportedly abandoned in 1804. However, the company's principal post for the Blackfeet trade was Rocky Mountain House, founded in 1799 on the North Saskatchewan River, near the site of the present Alberta community of the same name, a distance of approximately 240 miles from Lewis's location.] that from these traders they obtain arm amunition sperituous liquor blankets &c in exchange for wolves and some beaver skins.  I told these people that I had come a great way from the East up the large river which runs towards the rising sun, that I had been to the great waters where the sun sets and had seen a great many nations all of whom I had invited to come and trade with me on the rivers on this side of the mountains, that I had found most of them at war with their neighbours and had succeeded in restoring peace among them, that I was now on my way home and had left my party at the falls of the missouri with orders to decend that river to the entrance of Maria's river and there wait my arrival and that I had come in surch of them in order to prevail on them to be at peace with their neighbours particularly those on the West side of the mountains and to engage them to come and trade with me when the establishment is made at the entrance of this river to all which they readily gave their assent and declared it to be their wish to be at peace with the Tushepahs whom they said had killed a number of their relations lately and pointed to several of those present who had cut their hair as an evidince of the truth of what they had asserted.  I found them extreemly fond of smoking and plyed them with the pipe untill late at night.  I told them that if they intended to do as I wished them they would send some of their young men to their band with an invitation to their chiefs and warriors to bring the whiteman with them and come down and council with me at the entrance of Maria's river and that the ballance of them would accompany me to that place, where I was anxious now to meet my men as I had been absent from them some time and knew that they would be uneasy untill they saw me.  that if they would go with me I would give them 10 horses and some tobacco. to this proposition they made no reply, I took the first watch tonight and set up untill half after eleven; the indians by this time were all asleep, I roused up R. Fields and laid down myself; I directed Fields to watch the movements of the indians and if any of them left the camp to awake us all as I apprehended they would attampt to s[t]eal our horses.  this being done I feel into a profound sleep and did not wake untill the noise of the men and indians awoke me a little after light in the morning.--

July 26, 1806
William Clark

N. 18o E   6 Miles to a Point on the Std. side    passed a long narrow Island on Std. and Som bars, a high Clift on lard.
N 57o E.   5 miles to a point on the Stard. Side    Passed an Island and 4 Bars.  a large Creek 40 yds wide (Little Wolf) Creek on Lard. Side at 4 miiles
East   4 miles to a Clift   a high Pine land on the Stard. Side passed a Small Creek on the Std. at 1 mile   the head of an Island below the lard. Clifts at 2 miles
N. 12o E   3 1/2 miles to a Clift of rocks on the Sard. Side    passed the Island and 2 Stoney bars   white Clifts
East   5 miles to a Clift of rocks on the Std    passed Several Stoney Islands.
N E.   2 1/2 miles to a high Clift on the Lard Side opposit several Small Islands   the Chanel much divided  passed 2 Small Islands.   low bottom on Stard. Side.
East   2 1/2 miles to a Stard. Bend   psd. an Island and Stoney bar
N. 10o E   1 mile to a Clift on the Lard. Side    Islands on Stbd.
N. 54o E   1 1/2 mile to the lower point of the near the Stard Side   passed the upper point of an Island
North   4 miles to a high white clif on the Lard Side    passed 2 Stony Islands
East   6 mils to the <lower part of a large Island Seperated from the Stard. Shore by a narrow Chanel>  Enteranc of a Small brook Std Sd. Passed three Islands and the upper part of the 4th near th Lard.
North   4 miles to the <upper> lower pts of an Island close to the Lard Side. behind which a large Creek falls in on the Lard Side
N. 60o E   3 miles to a tree <on> und. the Lard. Clifts    a Clift on th Lard Sid
East   4 miles to a large tree in a Std Bend
N. 35o E   4 <5?> miles to Lard. Bend   passed a Clift on the Stard. at 2 mile.  Small Bays Ld.
East   1 1/2 miles to the lower pt. of an Isld.
N. 35 E.   2 1/2 mils to a Clift in the Lard. bend
East   1/2 a mile to enterance of Big horn river on the Stard Side 220 yards wide from 5 to 7 feet deep quite across.
I walked up the bighorn and took the following Courses   viz.
S. 35o E   3 miles to a low clift on the right    passed a point on the right at 1 1/2 miles   a island close to the left side
S. 61o E   3 miles to a high band of a 2d Bottom in a left hand bend passed Some high waves on the right hand Side
S. 38o W.   4 miles to a right Bend   passed a large Creek of very Muddly water from the left at one mile.

The bottoms of this river wide and Covered with timber. The current Swift and tareing away its bank in each bend with extensive Sand points. less <gravel> large gravle than the rochejhone

July 26, 1806
William Clark

Set out this morning very early   proceeded on   Passed Creeks [NB: Hall's N. Side]  [Named both "Halls <dry> River" and "Little Wolf C" on one of Clark's maps, and "Halls creek" on another, after Hugh Hall of the party. It is present Cow Gulch, meeting the Yellowstone River approximately five miles northeast of the village of Pompeys Pillar.]  very well. the Current of the river reagulilarly Swift much divided by Stoney islands and bars also handsome Islands civered with Cotton Wood the bottoms extensive on the Stard. Side on the Lard.  the Clifts of high land border the river, those clifts are composed of a whitish rock of an excellent grit for Grindstones. The Country back on each Side is wavering land with Scattering pine.  passed 2 Small Brooks on the Stard. Side and two large ones on the Lard. Side. I shot a Buck from the Canoe and killed one other on a Small Island. and late in the evening pased a part of the river which ws rock under the lard. Clifts   fortunately for us we found an excellent Chanel to pass down on the right of a Stony Island half a mile below this bad place, we arived at the enterance of Big Horn River on the Stard. Side. [The Bighorn river reaches the Yellowstone River a mile or so above the present village of Bighorn, MT.]  here I landed imediately in the point which is a Sof mud mixed with the Sand and Subject to overflow for Some distance back in between the two rivers.  I walked up the big horn 1/2 a mile and crossed over to the lower Side, and formed a Camp on a high point. [The camp was above the junction of the Bighorn River with the Yellowstone and on the stream's east side.]  I with one of my men Labeech walked up the N E Side of Big horn river 7 miles to th enterance of a Creek which falls in on the N E. Side and is 28 yds wide   Some running water which is very muddy this Creek I call Muddy Creek [Tullock Creek. It is "Muddy Creek" on two of Clark's maps as it is in his journal, however on Clark's map of 1810 it is "Horse River."] Some fiew miles above this creek the river bent around to the East of South. The Courses as I assended it as follows  Viz:

S 35o E.   3 miles to a low Clift on the right    passed a point on the right at 1 1/2 Ms. an island Situatd. close to the left hand Shore. under this Clift is Some Swift rapid water and high waves
S. 61o E.   3 miles to a high bank of a Second bottom in the left hand bend   passed head of the isld.
S. 38o W.   4 miles to a right hand bend, passing a large Creek of muddly water on the left side at 1 mile, opposit a Sand bar from the right.

The bottoms of the Big Horn river are extencive and Covered with timber principally Cotton.  it's Current is regularly Swift, like the Missouri, it washes away its banks on one Side while it forms extensive Sand bars on the other. Contains much less portion of large gravel than the R: Rochjhone and its water more mudy and of a brownish colour, while that of the rochejhone is of a lightish Colour.  the width of those two rivers are very nearly the Same imediately at their enterances the river Rochejhone much the deepest and contains most water. I measured the debth of the bighorn quit across a 1/2 a mile above its jundtion and found it from 5 to 7 feet only while that of the River [NB: roche jaune] is in the deepest part 10 to 12 feet water   on the lower Side of the bighorn is extencive boutifull and leavil bottom thinly covered with Cotton wood under which there grows great quantities of rose bushes. [Western Wild Rose.]   I am informed by the Menetarres Indians and others that this River takes its rise in the Rocky mountains with the heads of the river plate and at no great distance from the river Rochejhone and passes between the Coat Nor or Black Mountains and the most Easterly range of Rocky Mountains. [Gary E. Moulton: Both main branches of the Platte rise in the Colorado Rockies; some tributaries of the North Platte, such as the Sweetwater River, are relatively close to the upper Bighorn River in Wyoming. Some tributaries of the Bighorn rise in the Absaroka Range, which is east of the upper Yellowstone. The "Black Mountains" in this case may be the Big Horn and Rosebud mountains, in agreement with Lewis and Clark's grouping of various outlying ranges of the Rockies as part of the Black Hills.]   it is very long and Contains a great perpotion of timber on which there is a variety of wild animals, perticularly the big horn which are to be found in great numbers on this river. [NB: 2 large forks come in on Sth. & 1 on North] [The two southern (more properly eastern) branches of the Bighorn are probably the Little Bighorn River, associated with Custer's defeat by the Sioux and other Indians in 1876 and Nowater Creek. The principal tributaries on the western side are the Shoshone River, Greybull River and Wind River all originating in Wyoming.]   Buffalow, Elk, Deer and Antelopes are plenty and the river is Said to abound in beaver.  it is inhabited by a great number of roveing Indians of the Crow Nation, the paunch Nation [NB: a band of Crows] [The Hidatsas referred to the Crows as "the people who refused the paunch. See November 12, 1804.] and the Castahanas [NB: a band of Snake In.] [Gary E. Moulton: They are described as speaking the same language as the "Me na ta re (or big belly)" and are also called "Gens des Vache." The latter term commonly referred to the Arapahoes, who spoke Algonquian tongue. The captains used "Minitare," "Big Belly," and "Gros Ventre" to refer either to the Hidatsas or to the Atsinas. The latter are linguistically related to the Arapahoes. If their principal hunting ground was on the upper Bighorn River, we might assume them to be a division of the Crows, whose Siouan language was similar to that of the Hidatsas. "Gens des Vache" might be a mistake for "Gens de Panse" or Paunch Indians, which would make them Crows. Since Clark did not meet them, his information may have derived either from Sacagawea or from his sources for the Estimate of Eastern Indians, that is, from the Mandans, Hidatsas, and white fur traders. Hyde speculates that they were a Shoshonean group (hence "Snakes") who had been driven from the upper Bighorn by the time of Lewis and Clark, and identifies them with the Kwahari, or Kwadadi, Camanches.]  all of those nations who are Subdiveded rove and prosue the Buffalow of which they make their principal food, their Skins together with those of the Big horn and Antilope Serve them for Clothes. This river is Said to be navagable a long way for perogus without falls and waters   a find rich open <200 yds wide> Country.  it si 200 yds water & 1/4 of a Me. wd. I returned to Camp a little after dark, haveing killed one deer, finding my Self fatigued went to bead without my Supper. Shields killed 2 Bull & 3 Elk.

Courses distances & remarks July 26th 1806

N. 18o E. to a point on the Stard. Side, passed a low narrow island on the Stard. and Som bars near the lard. Side   6
N. 57o E. to a point on the Stard Side.  passed an island and 4 Stoney bars.  also a large Creek 40 Yds wide I call Halls R on the Lard. Side at 4 miles.  but little water   6
East 4 Miles to a Clift under a high pine hill on the Stard. Side.  passed a Small Creek on the Stard. at 1 mile and the Lard  Clift opsd. the had of an Isld. at 2 Miles on this course   4
N. 12o E. to a clift of white rocks on the Lard. Side, passed the island and 2 Stoney bars   3 1/2
East to clift of rocks on the Stard Side  passd several bars or islands   5
N. 45o E. to a high clift on the Lard. Side opposit Several Small islands. Chanel of the river much divided.  passed 2 Small Islands.   low bottoms on the Stard Side rocky Clifts on Lard side   2 1/2
East to a Stard. Bend  passed an island & a Stony bar   2 1/2
N. 10o E. to a clift on the Lard Side  Island on Stard. Side.   1 1/2
N. 54o E. to the lower point of the island near the Stard. Side. passed the upper point of an island   1 1/2
North to a high White Clift on the Lard. Side haveing passed two Stoney Islands   4
East to the enterance of a Small brook on the Stard.   passed 3 islands and the upper point of the 4th near Lard.   6
North to the lower point of an island Close to the lard. Side back of which a large Creek falls in on the Lard Side Island brook   4
N. 60o E. to a tree under a Lard. Clift  passed a Std. Clift   3
East to a large tree in the Stard. Bend   4
N. 35o E. to a Lard. Bend  passed the Stard. Clift at 2 Miles.   4
East to the lower [SW?] point of an island   1 1/2
N. 35o E. to a clift in a lard. Bend under which there is a rapid. a gravelly bar opposit on the S. E of which there is a good Chanel.   2 1/2
East to the junction of Big horn River on the Stard.   220 yards wide  from 5 to 7 feet deep quit across, and encamped on the lower side  bottom subject to floods   1/2 



[Speech prepared for Yellowstone Indians]

Children. The Great Spirit has given a fair and bright day for us to meet together in his View that he may inspect us in this all we say and do.

Children I take you all by the hand as the children of your Great father the President of the U. States of America who is the great chief of all the white people towards the riseing sun.

Children This Great Chief who is Benevolent, just, wise & bountifull has sent me and one other of his chiefs (who is at this time in the country of the Blackfoot Indians) to all his read children on the Missourei and its waters quite to the great lake of the West where the land ends and the [sun] sets on the face of the great water, to know their wants and inform him of them on our return.

Children We have been to the great lake of the west and are now on our return to my country. I have seen all my read children quite to that great lake and talked with them, and taken them by the hand in the name of their great father the Great Chief of all the white people.

Children We did not see the [blank space in MS.] or the nations to the North. I have [come] across over the high mountains and bad road to this river to see the [blank space in MS.] Natn. I have come down the river from the foot of the great showey mountain to see you, and have looked in every derection for you, without seeing you untill now

Children I heard from some of your people [blank space in MS.] nights past by my horses who complained to me of your people haveing taken 4 [24] of their cummerads.

Children The object of my comeing to see you is not to do you injurey but to do you good the Great Chief of all the white people who has more goods at his command than could be piled up in the circle of your camp, wishing that all his read children should be happy has sent me here to know your wants that he may supply them.

Children Your great father the Chief of the white people intends to build a house and fill it with such things as you may want and exchange with you for your skins & furs at a very low price. & has derected me [to] enquire of you, at what place would be most convenient for to build this house. and what articles you are in want of that he might send them imediately on my return

Children The people in my country is like the grass in your plains noumerous they are also rich and bountifull. and love their read brethren who inhabit the waters of the Missoure

Children I have been out from my country two winters, I am pore necked and nothing to keep of[f] the rain. when I set out from my country I had a plenty but have given it all to my read children whome I have seen on my way to the Great Lake of the West. and have now nothing.

Children Your Great father will be very sorry to here of the [blank space in MS.] stealing the horses of his Chiefs & warrors whome he sent out to do good to his red children on the waters of Missoure.

[Two lines in MS. so worn and torn as to be illegible.]

... their ears to his good counsels he will shut them and not let any goodds & guns be brought to the red people. but to those who open their Ears to his counsels he will send every thing they want into their country. and build a house where they may come to and be supplyed whenever they wish.

Children Your Great father the Chief of all the white people has derected me [to] inform his red children to be at peace with each other, and with the white people who may come into your country under the protection of the Flag of your great father which you. those people who may visit you under the protection of that flag are good people and will do you no harm

Children Your great father has derected me to tell you not to sufffer your young and thoughtless men to take the horses or property of your neighbours or the white people, but to trade with them fairly and honestly, as those of his red children below.

Children The red children of your great father who live near him and have opened their ears to his counsels are rich and hapy have plenty of horses cows & Hogs fowls bread &c. &c. live in good houses, and sleep sound. and all those of his red children who inhabit the waters of the Missouri who open their ears to what I say and follow the counsels of their great father the President of the United States, will in a fiew years be a[s] hapy as those mentioned &c.

Children It is the wish of your Great father the Chief of all the white people that some 2 of the principal Chiefs of this [blank space in MS.] Nation should Visit him at his great city and receive from his own mouth. his good counsels,a nd from his own hands his abundant gifts, Those of his red children who visit him do not return with empty hands, he [will] send them to their nation loaded with presents

Children If any one two or 3 of your great chiefs wishes to visit your great father and will go with me, he will send you back next Summer loaded with presents and some goods for the nation. You will then see with your own eyes and here with your own years what the white people can do for you. they do not speak with two tongues nor promis what they can't perform

Children Consult together and give me an answer as soon as possible your great father is anxious to here from (& see his red children who wish to visit him) I cannot stay but must proceed on & inform him &c.

July 26, 1806
John Ordway

a wet disagreeable morning.   an Indn. dog came about our Camp   we gave him Some meat.   the portage River too high to waid but is falling fast. Colter & potts went at running the canoes down the rapids to the white perogue near the carsh. [The white pirogue was hidden in the area of the lower portage camp below Belt Creek on June 18, 1805]   the rest of us returned to willow Creek took on the other large canoe and halted to asist the horses as the turck wheels Sank in the mud nearly to the hub. Cruzatte killed a buffaloe   we took the best of the meat and returned with much hard fatigue to portage River and got the canoes and all the baggage down to the white perogue and Camped having got the carsh opened and all brought to the White perogue & all Safe &C.

July 26, 1806
Patrick Gass

The morning was cloudy. Eight of us went back to Willow creek for the other canoe, and the rest of the party [Ordway says Colter and Potts ran the canoes down the rapids to the lower portage camp.] were employed in taking down the canoes and baggage to the lower end of the portage, where the periogue had been left. [See June 18, 1805.] It rained very hard all night, which has made the plains so muddy, that it is with the greatest difficulty we can get along with the canoe; though in the evening, after a hard day's labour, we got her safe to Portage river, and the men run her down to the lower landing place, where we encamped. A few drops of rain fell in the course of the day.