July 07, 1806
Meriwether Lewis

Set out at 7 A.M.--

N. 75 E.   6 M.  with the road through a level beatifull plain on the North side of the river much timber in the bottoms hills also timbered with pitch pine.  no longleafed pine since we left the praries of the knobs.  crossed a branch of the creek 8 yds. wid. on which we encamped at 1/4 m. [Probably Keep Cool Creek.]  also passed a creek 15 yd. wide at 1/4 further. [Probably Spring Creek, not shown on any expedition map.]  <crossed the main creek>
North   6 ms.--  passed the main creek [Landers Fork Blackfoot River. Coues wrote "Lander's Fork," a name bestowed in the 1850s on the stream.] at a mile 1/2 and kept up it on the wright hand side through handsom plain bottoms to the foot of the ridge which we ascended the main stream boar N W & W. as far as I could see it   a wright hand fork falls into this creek at 1 M. above the commencement of this course. [By "wright hand fork" Lewis may mean Blackfoot River, the main stream.]
N. 15 E.   8 m.  over <a> two ridges and again striking the wrighthand fork [The "wrighthand fork" is now Alice Creek. It is shown on Lewes's sketch map as joining Landers Fork to become the Blackfoot River.] at 4 ms. then continued up it on the left hand side much appearance of beaver many dams.   bottoms not wide and covered with low willow and grass.  halted to dine at a large beaver dam  the hunters killed 3 deer and a fawn.  deer are remarkably plenty and in good order.  Reubin Fields wounded a moos deer [Moose, Alces alces, not a new species.] this morning near our camp.  my dog much worried.
N. 10 E.   3 m. up the same creek on the east side through a handsome narrow plain.
N 45 E.   2 m.  passing the dividing ridge betwen the waters of the Columbia and Missouri rivers at 1/4 of a mile. [Lewis crossed Hard Scrabble Creek near its mouth with Alice Creek and then went up Alice Creek, which he also crossed. He and his party then went over the Continental Divide through Lewis and Clark Pass (Clark was never there). The pass is about seventeen miles northeast of present Lincoln; it is shown as "Gap" on Lewis's sketch map. In crossing it the party returned to the territory of the United States. This was the route that the Hidatsas had told them of at Fort Mandan, which they had missed on the westward journey. However, had they not followed the Missouri and its forks to their headwaters, they would have missed the Shoshones and would have been deprived of the services of Old Toby and the use of the Indian horses, which would have greatly decreased their changes of making it across the Rocky Mountains.]  from this gap which is low and an easy ascent on the W. side the fort mountain [Square Butte; See July 15, 1805.] bears North Easst, and appears to be distant about 20 Miles.  the road for one and 3/4 miles desends the hill and continues down a branch.
N. 20 W.   7 ms. over several hills and hollows along the foot of the mountain hights passing five small rivulets running to the wright.  saw some sighn of buffaloe early this moring in the valley where we encamped last evening from which it appears that the buffaloe do sometimes penetrate these mountains a few miles.   we saw no buffaloe this evening.  but much old appearance of dung, tracks &c. encamped on a small run under the foot of the mountain. [About three miles east of Table Mountain.]   after we encamped Drewyer killed two beaver and shot third which bit his knee very badly and escaped

July 07, 1806
Patrick Gass

We had a wet night, and a cloudy morning. Continued our journey early along the valley, which is very beautiful with a great deal of clover in its plains. Having gone about five miles, we crossed the main branch of the river [Landers Fork Blackfoot River], which comes in from the north; and up which the road goes about five miles futher and then takes over a hill towards the east. [Northeast toward Silver King Mountain and Lewis and Clark Pass.]   On the top of this hill there are two beautiful ponds, of about three acres in size. We passed over the ridge and struck a small stream [Alice Creek.], which we at first thought was of the head waters of the Missouri, but found it was not. Here we halted for dinner, and after staying three hours, proceeded on four miles up the branch, when we came to the dividing ridge [Lewis and Clark Pass, approximately 17 miles northeast of Lincoln, Mt.] between the waters of the Missouri and Columbia; passed over the ridge and came to a fine spring the waters of which run into the Missouri [From the headwaters of the Big Blackfoot River, Lewis went to the headwaters of the Medicine River]. We then kept down this stream or branch about a miile; then turned a north course along the side of the dividing ridge for eight miles, passing a number of small streams or branches, and at 9 o'clock at night encamped [Approximately three miles east of Table Mountain.] after coming thirty two miles [Reuben Field wounded a moose near camp the morning of the 7th., agitating Lewis's dog Seaman].

July 07, 1806
William Clark

This morning our horses were very much Scattered; I Sent out men in every direction in serch of them.  they brought all except 9 by 6 oClock and informed me that they could not find those 9: I then ordered 6 men to take horses and go different directions and at a greater distance.  those men all returned by 10 A.M. and informed me that they had circles in every direction to 6 or 8 miles around Camp and could not See any Signs of them, that they had reasons to believe that the indians had stolen them in the course of the night, and founded their reasons on the quallity of the horses, all being the most valuable horses we had, and Several of them so attached to horses of inferior quallity which we have they could not be Seperated from each other when driveing with their loads on in the course of the day.  I thought it probable that they might be stolen by Some Skulking Shoshones, but as it was yet possible that they may have taken our back rout or rambled to a greater distance I deturmined to leave a Small party and hunt for them to day, and proceed on with the main party and all the baggage to the Canoes, raise them out of the water and expose them to the sun to dry by the time this party Should overtake me.   I left Sergt. Ordway, Shannon, Gibson Collins & Labeech with directions to hunt this day for the horses without they Should discover that the Inds. had taken them into the Mountains, and prosue our trail &c.  at 1/2 past 10 AM I set out and proceeded on through an open rich vally crossing four large Creeks [Clark traveled southeasterly, across the Big Hole Valley, crossing Rock, Lake, Big Swamp, and Little Lake creeks, all affluents from the west of the Big Hole River.] with extensive low and mirey bottoms, and a Small river [The Big Hole River, the captain's "Wisdom River."] keeping the Course I had set out on S. 56o E  after crossing the river I kept up on the N E. side, Sometimes folowing an old road which frequently disappeared, at the distance of 16 miles we arived at a Boiling Spring [East of Jackson, MT on Warm Spring Creek.] Situated about 100 paces from a large Easterly fork of the small river in a leavel open vally plain and nearly opposit & E. of the 3 forks of this little river which heads in the Snowey Mountains to the S E. & S W of the Springs.  this Spring contains a very considerable quantity of water, and actually blubbers with heat for 20 paces below where it rises. it has every appearance of boiling, too hot for a man to endure his hand in it 3 seconds. I directt Sergt. Pryor and John Shields to put each a peice of meat in the water of different Sises. the one about the size of my 3 fingers cooked dun in 25 minits the other much thicker was 32 minits before it became sufficiently dun. This water boils up through some loose hard gritty Stone.  a sittle sulferish [Jackson Hot Spring.]  after takeing dinner and letting our horses graize 1 hour and a half we proceeded on Crossed this easterly branch and up on the N. Side of this middle fork 9 miles crossed it near the head of an Easterly Side of which we encamped near some butifull [NB: Springs] which fall into Willards Creek. [Clark crossed Warm Spring Creek and went southeasterly up Governor Creek and Bull Creek, roughly parallel to Highway 278. After passing Bull Creek he went east through Big Hole Pass, still near the path of the modern highway, and once over the pass, camped near the head of Divide Creek, the upper portion of Lewis and Clark's "Willards Creek."] I directed that the ramblling horses should be hobbled, and the Sentinal to examine the horses after the moon rose.  <much> Emence beaver sign.

Course distance &c. July 7th


S. 56o E to the boiling hot Spring 1/2 mile Easterly of the three upper forks of wisdom river near a large Creek from the East  passed 4 large Creek from the Snow mountains on my right and a small river at 12 miles bottoms estensive & wet   16   0
S 45o E on the < E> S E. Side of the middle fork   5   0
N. 50o E to the Gap of a mountain crossing a Small branch at 2 Miles from the left and Encamped   4    0 



This extensive vally surround[ed] with [mountains] covered with snow is extreemly fertile covered esculent plants &c and the Creeks which pass through it contains emence numbers of beaver &c.  I now take my leave of this butifull extensive vally which I call the hot spring Vally, and behold one less extensive and much more rugid on Willards Creek for near 12 miles in length.   remarkable Cold night.

July 07, 1806
John Ordway

we went out in the plain eairly to look up our horses.   found all except nine   hunted in all directions for them   could not find them.    So Capt. Clark directed me to Stay with 4 men to hunt this day for them.    about 9 A m Capt. Clark and the rest of the party set out to go to canoe deposite. [Clark continued southeasterly to Jackson then turned more easterly and passed through the Big Hole Pass and camped near there.]   I and the 4 men [Shannon, Gibson, Collins and Labiche] went out in different directions to look for the 9 horses   I and labuiche went up a valley which led in the mountn. towards the ShoShones nation.   got on the track of the horses and followed it on untill towards evening and found them still going on an Indn. road.    we turned them back to the last nights Camp.   the other 3 men had got back their also.   we hobled the horses and Camped here.[On Moose Creek]   had several Showers of rain & Thunder in the course of this afternoon--