October 20, 1805
William Clark

a very cold morning   wind S. W.   about 100 Indians Came over this morning to See us, after a Smoke, a brackfast on Dogs flesh we Set out.  about 350 men

West 5 miles to a Std. bend head of a rapd   passed the Island at 1 mile 3 Indns. Lodges on Lard
S 20o W. 10 miles  passed rockey bad rapid on the Stard. a Chain of rocks from the Std. Several small Isd.--  on the Lard. good water.  passed an Indian fishing Camp of 4 Lodges deserted, fish hanging on Scaffels (Saw great numbers of Pelicans & Comerants, black)  To a Lard. Bend opsd. a large Isd. on the Stard. Side
S. 60o W. 8 miles to the Commencement of a high Cuntrey on the Stard. Side.   passed 3 Islands nearly opposit, 2 furst on the Stard. Side  Indians encd. [encamped] on each Island.  we Came to at Some Camps on the lower point of the 1st & dined.  purchased a fiew indifferent fish & Some berries-- examined a vault &c. &c.  passed 4 Lodges on a Island near the Stard. Side opsd. a bad rapid at the lower point of th Island
S. W 18 miles to a Point of high land in the Std. bend  Passed a large Island in the middle of the R at 8 miles  one on the Lard. & one on the Stard. below both Small, one other imedeately below in the middle, passed a Lard. point at 10 miles   high eneavin lands on the Stard. low and leavil on the Lard. Side  Passed 5 Islands Small on the Stard. Side and 5 on the Lard. Side  a Small one in the middle of the river at 16 miles  The land is higher on the Lard. Side  passed a Small riffle at the head of the 12 Islands in this <Course> Day.
42

Killed 2 large speckle guls [Probably immature specimens that cannot be identified.]  4 Duck in Malade [duckinmallard] Small ducks the flavour of which much resembes the Canvis back [Canvasback, Aythya valisineria.]   no timber of any kind on the river, we Saw in the last Lodges acorns of the white oake [Oregon white, or Garry, oak, Quercus garryana, is the only white oak species in Washington. It occurs mainly west of the Cascades but extends up the Columbia Gorge approximately 25 miles above the Dalles. It was a plant new to science.] which the Inds. inform they precure above the falls  The men are badly dressed, Some have scarlet & blue coth robes.  one has a Salors jacket, [Evidence of at least indirect contact with white men.] The women have a Short indiferent Shirt, a Short robe of Deer or Goat Skins, & a Small Skin which they fastend. tite around their bodies & fastend. between the legs to hide the [Clark placed a symbol somewhat in the form of his sun symbol which possibly represents the women's covered parts.]  <passed on the Stard. and on the Lard. one Small in the Middle of the river at 16 miles>  

October 20, 1805
William Clark

A cool morning wind S. W.  we concluded to delay untill after brackfast which we were obliged to make on the flesh of dog.  after brackfast we gave all the Indian men Smoke, and we Set out leaveing about 200 of the nativs at our Encampment; passd. three Indian Lodges on the lard Side a little below our Camp which lodges <we> I did not discover last evening, passed a rapid at Seven miles one at a Short distance below we passed a verry bad rapid, a chane of rocks makeing from the Stard. Side and nearly Chokeing the river up entirely with hugh black rocks, ["Pelecan rapid" on Clark's map.  This is possibly in the area of Crow Butte State Park, Washington.] an Island below close under the Stard. Side on which was four Lodges of Indians drying fish,--  here I Saw a great number of pelicons on the wing, and black Comerants. [The American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos, and the Doublecrested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus. See February 6, 1806, for a description of the Cormorant.]  at one oClaock we landed on the lower oint of <Some> an Island at Some Indian Lodges, a large Island on the Stard Side nearly opposit and a Small one a little below on the Lard Side  one those three Island I counted Seventeen Indian Lodges, those people are in every respect like those above, prepareing fish for theire winter consumption  here we purchased a fiew indifferent Dried fish & a fiew berries on which we dined-- (On the upper part of this Island we discovered an Indian vault[)] our curiosity induced us to examine the methot those nativs practicd in diposeing the dead, the Vaut was made by broad poads [boards] and pieces of Canoes leaning on a ridge pole which was Suported by 2 forks Set in the ground Six feet in hight in an easterly and westerly direction and about 60 feet in length, and 12 feet wide, in it I observed great numbers of humane bones of every description perticularly in a pile near the Center of the vault, on the East End 21 Scul bomes forming a circle on Mats--; in the Westerley part of the Vault appeared to be appropriated for those of more resent death, as many of the bodies of the deceased raped up in leather robes lay [in rows] on board covered with mats, &c  we observed, indiependant of the canoes which Served as a Covering, fishing nets of various kinds, Baskets of different Sizes, wooden boles, robes Skins, treachers, and various Kind of trinkets, in and Suspended on the ends of the pieces forming the vault; we also Saw the Skeletons of Several Horses at the vault & great number of bones about it, which Convinced me that those animals were Sacrefised as well as the above articles to the Deceased.)  after diner we proceeded on to a bad rapid at the lower point of a Small Island on which four Lodges of Indians were Situated drying fish; here the high countrey Commences again on the Stard. Side leaveing a vallie of 40 miles in width, from the mustle Shel rapid.  examined and passed this rapid close to the Island  at 8 miles lower passed a large Island near the middle of the river a brook on the Stard. Side and 11 Islds. all in view of each other below, a riverlet [rivulet: possibly later Willow Creek, Oregon.] falls in on the Lard. Side behind a Small Island a Small rapid below.  The Star Side is high rugid hills, the Lard. Side a low plain and not a tree to be Seen in any Direction exept a fiew Small willow bushes which are Scattered partially on the Sides of the bank

The river to day is about 1/4 of a mile in width; this evening the Countrey on the lard. Side rises to the hight of that on the Starboard Side, and is wavering--  we made 42 <days> miles to day; [Their camp of this day was probably in the area of Roosevelt, Washington.]  the current much more uniform than yesterday or the day before.  Killed 2 Spevckle guls Severl. ducks of a delicious flavour.

October 20, 1805
John Ordway

a clear frosty morning.   we Set out eairly.  proceeded on    passed a pleasant part of the County level Smooth plains but no timber.    the River Smooth.   we Saw Some pilicans and abundance of ravens and crows, [Common raven, Corvus corax, western common crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos hesperis] as the Shores are lined with dead Sammon.    about 12 oClock we halted at a village to dine where we bought a fiew roots &C.  and Saw among them a number of articles which came from white people. Such as copper kittles Scarlet &C.  passed many rapid places of water.   the country continues as yesterday  our hunters who went in the small canoe killed nine ducks and a goose to day.  we came 46 miles this day.  and Camped [Near Roosevelt, Washington] on the Starbord Side   no wood except a fiew Small willows.--

October 20, 1805
Patrick Gass

A fine clear frosty morning. We set out early; passed along a handsome part of the river, saw some pelicans and gulls. And as the shores are lined with dead salmon, there are abundance of crows and ravens. Vast quantities of these fish die at this time of the year. At noon we came to an Indian camp on the point of a large island, where we stopped and got some fish and other provisions. We here saw some articles which shewed that white people had been here or not far distant during the summer. They have a hempen seine and some ash paddles which they did not make themselves. At 1 o'clock we proceeded on again, went 42 miles, and encamped without any of the natives being along, which is unusual on this river. We could not get one single stick of wood to cook with; and had only a few small green willows.

October 20, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

a clear frosty morning.  we Set out eairly.  passed a handsom peace of the River  the country low Smooth plains on each Side.  Saw Some pillicans, and abundance of crows & ravens, as the Shores is lined with dead Sammon.  about 12 oClock we came to a large Indian Camp on the point of a large Island.  we halted to dine.  we bought Several Small articles from the natives and Saw Some articles which came from Some white people Such as copper kittles, red cloth Some arsh paddles &c.   we proceeded on  passed a great nomber of Indian Camps, where they had abundance of fish hung on Scaffels to dry.  passed over Several rapids to day but no exident hapened.  the country continues as usal  the hunters killed 9 ducks and a goose this day.  we Come 46 miles and Camped [Near Roosevelt, Washington] on the Stard. Side.  no wood only a fiew Small Sticks, & green willow &c.   we Saw Some akehorns among the natives which is a Sign of oak being in the country for they boil and eat them.  we Saw red cloth whicvh appeared to have come from [white?] people this last Sommer.--

October 20, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

A clear frosty morning, We set out early on our Voyage, & passed a handsome piece of the River, where the Country lay low & smooth plains lying on both sides of the River, We saw some Pelicans & a number of Crows & Ravens, which we supposed to be occasiond from the very great quantity of dead Salmon, which the River Shores were lined with.--  About 12 o'Clock A.M. we came to where, there was a very large Camp of Indians, laying on the point of an Island.  We halted to dine at that place.  We purchased from those Indians, several small articles & saw among them some articles which <they> must have been originally purchased from white people.  They were Copper kettles, red Cloth, Ash paddles neatly made; knives &ca.  We proceeded on, and passed a great number of Indian Camps, which were inhabited in all of which the Natives had abundance of Salmon hung up on scaffolds to dry.  We also passed over a number of Rapids but without any accident, happening to us.--

The appearance of the Country is the same as Yesterday.  Our hunters killed 9 Ducks, & a goose this day in the River.  In the evening we encamped on the North side of the River, where we found no other article to make fire with, but small sticks & green Willows.  We say this day among the Natives, some Acorns, which they roasted & Eat, and some red Cloth, which appeared not to be long Imported from Europe.--