October 12, 1805
William Clark

a fair cool morning wind from E  after purchasing all the drid fish those people would Spear from their hole in which they wer buried we Set out at 7 oClock and proceeded on

S. W. 3 miles  passed 4 Islands at 1 1/2 miles <three> 3 nearly oppost   a bad rapid on the Lard Side of those Islands, and Swift water around them to a Lard. point  passed a Stard point
West 3 miles to a Lard Bend  passed a Small rapid & Island on the Lard. also an Indian Cabin.
N. W. 2 miles to a Stard. Bend  the bottoms are narrow from the points, the bends & high lands have Clifts of ruged rock to the river, & bottoms
S. 70o W. 2 miles to a bend on the Stard. at a rapid Isd opsd.  passed a rapid on the Std. Side of a Stoney Island, opsd. to which on the Std. Side below the rapid a Small Creek [Penawawa Creek near Penawawa, Washington.] falls in  Saw an Indian on the high land at a distance.  no timber in view
South 2 miles to a pt. in Lard. bend  here the Plains become low on both Sides  river about 400 yards wide
S. 30o W. 2 1/2 miles to the mouth of a Creek Ente in a Lard. bend opsd. a Small Island on the Lard Side
S. 85o W 2 1/2 to the Stard. bend at a Swift place  about half the distance of this course Cp L took Meridian altitd. on Ld. Side 72o 30' 0"
S. 10o W. 1 1/2 to a Lard Bend, (low open country)
S. 88o W. 3 1/2 to a Stard. Bend  wind S W. and hard.  plain country rise gradually on each side  passed Island and rapid an Indian house on the Stard. ["Cabin" on Clark's map, near present Little Goose Dam.] Some Indians at it &c.
S. 60o W. 6 miles to a Stard. bend  passed an Isld. at 4 miles & one at 5 miles, Swift water, and Sholey
S. 30o W. 1 miles to a Lard Bend  passd. a rapid at the upper pt. of a Small Stoney Isd.
West 1 miles to a Stard. bend opsd. a Small Island Close under the Lard Shore   passed a run on the Std. side.  here we Came too to view a falls or very bad rapid imediately below (Camped) which the Inds. informed us was very bad, we found it bad.   Sent our Small Canoe over--
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October 12, 1805
William Clark

A fair Cool morning wind from the East.  after purchaseing every Speces of the provisions those Indians could Spare we Set out and proceeded on  at three miles passed four Islands Swift water and a bad rapid opposit to those Islands on the Lard. Side.  at 14 1/2 miles passed the mouth of a large Creek on the Lard Side [Deadman Creek, meeting the Snake at Central Ferry State Park, Washington.] opposit a Small Island here the Countrey assends with a gentle assent to the high plains, and the River is 400 yards wide  about 1 mile below the Creek on the Same Side took meridian altitude which gave 72o 20' 00" Latitude produced [Blank] North  in the afternoon the wind Shifted to the S. W. and blew hard  we passed to day [Blank] rapids Seveal of them very bad and came to at the head of one (at 30 miles) on the Stard. Side to view it before we attemptd. to dsend through it.   The Indians had told us was verry bad-- we found long and dangerous about 2 miles in length, and maney turns necessay to Stear Clare of the rocks, which appeared to be in every direction.  The Indians went through & our Small Canoe followed them, as it was late we deturmined to camp above untill the morning. [Near present Riparia below the mouth of Alkali Flat Creek.]  we passed Several Stoney Islands today  Country as yesterday open plains, no timber of any kind a fiew Hack berry bushes & willows excepted, and but few drift trees to be found So that fire wood is verry Scerce--  The hill or assents from the water is faced with a dark ruged Stone.   The wind blew hard this evening.--

October 12, 1805
John Ordway

a fair morning.  we Set out eairly, and proceeded on as usal.  passed a number of old fishing camps along the Shores.  high plains   no timber.    we came 35 miles this day and Camped [Near Riparia, Washington] on the Stard Side little above a bad rockey rapid.  our Small pilot canoe and the Indian canoe went over this evening

October 12, 1805
Patrick Gass

We had a fine morning and proceeded on early. Two of the Flathead chiefs [Not likely Flathead] remained on board with us, and two of their men went with the stranger in a small canoe, and acted as pilots or guides. We saw some ducks and a few geese, but did not kill any of them. There is no four-footed game of any kind near this part of the river, that we could discover; and we saw no birds of any kind, but a few hawks, eagles and crows. At noon we halted; cooked and eat some fish and then proceeded on. The country and river this day is much the same in appearance as what we passed yesterday. A little before sunset we came to a bad rapid, which we did not wish to pass at night, so we encamped above on the north side, having made 30 miles.

Some of the Flathead nation of Indians live all along the river this far down [Tribes along the river spoke Sahaptian, not that of the Flatheads]. There are not more than 4 lodges in a place or village, and these small camps or villages are 8 or 10 miles apart: at each camp there are 5 or 6 small canoes. Their summer lodges are made of willows and flags, and their winter lodges of split pine, almost like rails, which they bring down on rafts to this part of the river where there is no timber.

October 12, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

a clear pleasant morning.  we Set out eairly and proceeded on as usal.  the country continues the Same as yesterday  Saw a nomber of old fishing Camps along the Shores.  the current Swift in Some places, but gentle in general.  about 12 oClock we halted to dine on the Lard. Shore.  could Scarsely find wood enofe to cook our victules.  Capt. Lewis took an Meridian observation.  we then proceeded on verry well  passed Several more fishing Camps.  the wind rose hard on each Side.   this River is verry handsom and country pleasant but no timber at all.  we Came 35 miles this day and Camped [Near Riparia, WA] on the Starbord Side at the head of a bad rockey rapid which we expect is difficult to pass.  the Indians canoe and our Small pilot canoe went over this evening.  we expect that we have got past the numerous flat head nation. [Whitehouse, Gass, and both Captains use the term "Flathead" erroneously in referring to Indians west of the Continental Divide.  Those inhabiting the region along the Clearwater above and the Snake in this area were Nez Perces and Palouses.]   only the guides who are with us they tell us that in 2 days more we will come to another nation at a fork which comes in on the St. Side of the Columbian River.--

October 12, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

We had a clear pleasant morning, & we set out early & proceeded on our Voyage down the River.  The Country has the same appearance as it had Yesterday.  we passed a number of odd fishing Camps, lying along the Shores on both sides of the River, and found the current of the River run very swift in many places.  About 12 o'Clock A.M. we halted to dine on the South side of the River where we could scarcely find wood enough to Cook our provisions.  Captain Lewis took at this place a Meridian Observation and found this place to lay in Latitude 46o 29' 21 7/10S North.   We continued our Voyage at 2 o'Clock P.M. & passed several more fishing Camps, lying on both sides of the River.  The wind rose & blew hard from the West.   We also passed high clifts of Rocks & high Priaries, both lying on each side of the River, & they had a handsome appearance.  The Country has a pleasant appearance this day, but no kind of timber is to be seen.  We came about 35 Miles this day, & encamped on the North side of the River, at the head of a bad Rockey rapid, where we expect to meet with difficulty in passing it.--  We got the Indians Canoe & our smallest Canoe over this rapid this evening.  We expect that we have passed the flatt head Nation, which were very numerous.  Our Guides who are Indians inform us, that in 2 days more sailing, that we shall come to another Nation of Indians, who reside near a fork of the River Columbia & that this fork lies on the South side of the said River.--