October 11, 1805
William Clark

a cloudy morning wind.  Set out early  course

S. 40o W. 1 1/2 miles to pt. of rocks on the Lbd. below a bottom & opsd. one   psd. an old Lodge in the Ld. bottom
West 2 miles to a Stard. bend  passed a rapd at 1/2 a mile  2 large Indn. houses in a bottom on the Stard Side above & below the rapid, rocky hill Sides
S. 40o W. 3 miles to the mouth of a <Creek> branch [Present Alpowa Creek.] on the Lard. bend, Several Lodges at the <Creek> branch and a house opposit vacant, we Purchases 7 dogs & fish roots &c to eat
S. 75o W. 1 1/2 mile in the Lard. bend  passed a rapid Point  Swift water
N. 40o E 1 mile to a bend Std. at a rapid  psd. a large Indn. house Std. Side
N. 60o W. 2 miles to a Lard bend at a rapid bad  no timber except a fiew low Hackburry & a few willows.  [Netleaf hackberry, Celtis reticulata. The willows are probably the sandabar willow.] we Purchd. Dried Cherries Pashequar root and Pashequar marsh or bread.  Prise the shells verry much, also Iron wire--
N. 10o W. 2 miles to a Stard. bend at a rapid, 2 Ind. Huts on the Std Side
N. 40o W. 4 mile to a Std. bend  psd. a Std. point to an Indian Camp of 3 Lodges on the Stard. Side, Dined & purchased 3 Dogs and a fiew dried fish for our voyage down   one Indian accompd. us
S. 60o W. 2 miles to a Stard. bend  passed a Stard point and 2 Indian House   all the houses* [The asterisk appears to have no reference nor meaning.] are deserted  the owners out in the plains killg the antelope, Saw gees & Ducks
S. 30o W 1 to a Lard bend opsd. old Indn. Camp
N. 60 W 2 miles to Clift in a Stard. bend  psd a rapid at 1/2 mile, an Indian Cabin on the Lard. Side
West 1/2 a mile to a Lard bend--
N. 10o W 1 1/2 miles to a Std. bend  passd. a Cabin L.[S.?]
West 2 1/2 miles to a Lard. bend  passed a rapid opsd. a stoney Island from Stard opsd which S is an Indian Cabin, a rapid at the Lower point of Isd
N. W. 3 1/2 miles to the mouth of a run in the Stard. Bend at 2 Indian Lodges, here we Camped, met an Indian from below, Purchased 3 dogs and a fiew dried fish, this is a great fishing Island  a house below, it evacuated  wind a head
30

a cloudy morning wind from the East  We Set out early and proceeded on   Passed a rapid at two miles, at 6 miles we came too at Some Indian lodges [This locality was occupied by the Alpaweyma band of the Nez Perces.  Bands were composed of several villages which took their name from the most prominent village within the territory.  Archaeological research in this area has focused on three sites, one of which probably represents the lodges referenced by Clark.  The area was also inhabited by the Upper Palouses, who often shared villages with the Nez Perces.  The two peoples both spoke Shahaptian languages and had many similar cultural traits.] and took brackfast, we purchased all the fish we could and Seven dogs of those people for Stores of Provisions down the river.  at this place I saw a curious Swet house under ground, with a Small whole at top to pass in or throw in the hot Stones, which those in threw on as much water as to create the temporature of heat they wished--  at 9 mile passed a rapid  at 15 miles halted at an Indian Lodge, to purchase provisions of which we precred some of the Pash-he-quar roots five dogs and a few fish dried, after takeing Some dinner of dog &c we proceeded on.  Came to and encamped at 2 Indian Lodges at a great place of fishing [Below Almota Creek ("Brook" on Clark's map.) in the vicinity of present Almota, Washington.  This area was occupied by the Amotipu band of Nez Perces.  Archaeological surveys have apparently failed to locate the site recorded by Clark, although several sites have been found on the south side of the river in this area.]  here we met an Indian of a nation near the mouth of this river.  we purchased three dogs and a fiew fish of those Indians, we Passed today nine rapids all of them great fishing places, at different places on the river saw Indian houses and Slabs & Spilt timber raised from the ground being the different parts of the houses of the natives when they reside on this river for the purpose of fishing  at this time they are out in the Plain on each side of the river hunting the antilope as we are informed by our Chiefs, <at> near each of those houses we observe Grave yards picketed, or pieces of wood stuck in permisuesly over the grave or body which is Covered with earth,  The Country on either Side is an open plain leavel & fertile after assending a Steep assent of about 200 feet not a tree of any kind to be Seen on ther river  The after part of the day the wind from the S. W. and hard.  the day worm.

October 11, 1805
John Ordway

a clear morning.  we Set out eairly.  two Indians accompy. us in a Small canoe.  we proceeded on.  at 8 oClock we halted at a large fishing Camp of Indians where we bought Some Sammon and 8 or 10 fat dogs &C.  these Savages have among them pleanty of beeds and copper trinkets. copper kittles &.C. which must have come from white people   we proceeded on  passed Several more fishing camps, where they have the Stone iled up in roes, So as to gig the Sammon at the Sides of the rocks &C   the country is barron and broken   Some high plains.  no timber.   we can scarsely git wood enofe to cook a little victules   a fiew willows in places along the Shores.  passed over Some rapids where the waves roled high.  we roed 30 miles this day and Camped [Possibly near Almota, Whitman county, Washington] at a fishing party of Indians, where we bought 3 or 4 more dogs and a little Sammon &C--

October 11, 1805
Patrick Gass

We set out early in a fine morning; proceeded on about 6 miles, and halted at some lodges of the natives, where we got fish and several dogs. We continued here about an hour and then went on. No accident happened to day though we passed some bad rapids. In the evening we stopped at some Indian camps and remained all night, having come 30 miles [Almota Creek near Almota, Washington]. Here we got more fish and dogs. Most of our people having been accustomed to meat, do not relish the fish, but prefer dog meat; which, when well cooked, tastes very well. Here we met an Indian of another nation, who informed us we could get to the falls in 4 days: which I presume are not very high as the salmon come above them in abundance. The country on both sides is high dry prairie plains without a stick of timber. There is no wood of any kind to be seen except a few small willows along the shore; so that it is with difficulty we can get enough to cook with. The hills on the river are not very high, but rocky; the rocks of a dark colour. The bed and shores of the river are very stony; and the stones of a round smooth kind.

October 11, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

a fair morning.  we Set out eairly, two [The word "two" is written over "one."] more Indians with a Small Canoe accompy. us.   we proceeded on passed over Some rapid water but the current mostly gentle.   about 8 oClock we came to a fishing Camp & party of Indians, where we bought considerable quantity of Sammon, and 8 or 10 fat dogs to eat.  Some dryed haws &c.  Saw among them Some peach of fish net which they must have come from white people.  a tea kittle made of copper Seen also &c.  we proceeded on   passed a great nomber of fishing camps where the natives fish in the Spring.   the Stone piled up in roes So that in high water the Sammon lay along the Side of the line of rocks while they would gig them.  the country is barron a high hills and clifts of rocks on each Side of the River not even a tree to be Seen no place.  a fiew willows along the Shores Some places.  Some rapids in the River but Some of them roles high waves but a larger body of water.  we roed 30 miles this day and Camped [On the Snake River, below Almota Creek and Lower Granite Dam in the vicinity of Almota. The camps were those of the Nez Perces and possibly the Palouses.] at a fishing Camp of Indians on the S. Side where we bout 3 or 4 more dogs and Some Sammon &c.   one Indian from an other nation came among them f. falls

October 11, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

This morning clear & pleasant weather.  We set out early, and were accompanied with 2 More Indians in a small canoe.  We proceeded on down the Columbia River & we passed over some Rapids but found the current mostly run gentle.  At 8 o'Clock A.M. we came to a fishing Camp, where there was a party of Indians, where we purchased 10 fat dogs, a Quantity of Salmon & some dried haws, for to eat.  We saw among these Indians some pieces of a fishing Seine, which we supposed must have come from some Civilized nation.  We also saw among them a Copper Tea-kettle.  We continued on our way, & saw a number of fishing Camps, where the Natives come to fish in the Spring of the Year.  We also saw Stones piled up in Rows, so that when the River is high the Salmon lies along side the Rocks, at which place the Natives kill them with a Gig.--   The Land at this place is a poor Barren, & on each side of the River lies high hills, & Clifts of rocks, and not a tree of any kind is to be seen, & afew willows are only to be seen in places along the Shore.  We crossed over some Rapids, We came about 30 Miles this day, & encamped at a fishing Camp, laying on the South side of the River, where we found a number of Indians, who are of the Flatt head Nation, We purchased from thise Indians 4 dogs & some Salmon for provisions.  In the evening an Indian belonging to another Nation of Indians came to the Flatt head Indian Camp.