October 10, 1805
William Clark

Set out at 7 oClock 74.26 [Clark scribbled a latitude reading following this line.  It is in agreement with his notebook journal but in opposition to his map which gives the reading as 46o 29' 21.7" and which is closer to the actual location. Lewiston, Idaho is 46o 25'.]

South 1 mile  passed a bad rapid at the head of an Isd. on Ld. Side
S. 20o W 1 1/2 miles to a Ld bend, passed a Isd. on Ld. Side.  rapid at the Head bad.  passed Lower pt. of the other [island] at the mouth of a run on Stard.
West 1/2 to a St. bend  passed a Small Isd. Ld. Side and a rapid
S. 30o W. 3 mile to a Ld. bend  passed a Creek Cg [coming in] on the Ld Side at 1/2 a mile on which is cotton wood bottoms Inds. Camp below the Creek
West 2 miles to the had of an Isd. [Modern Hog Island at the first extreme bend after Lapwai (Cottonwood) Creek.] at bad rapid on both Sides Curt [current] on the right Side.
S. 30o W. 4 mile pd. a rapd at Lower point of Isd & rapid at 1 mile, a rapd at 1 1/2 miles  rocky bottoms on each Side  a rapid at 2 1/2 miles  a run & [Hatwai Creek. No archaeological work has been undertake on the south bank of the Clearwater River where mat lodges are indicated on Clark's map. Excavations at the Hatwai site at the mouth of Hatwai Creek suggest the area had been occupied for approximately 11,000 years.] (Inds. Camp) on Stard Sd  at 3 miles a rapid  at 3 1/2 miles to a Lard. bend, low plain 100 ft
West 2 mile to a Stard bend, (passed an Indian bathing in hot bath) rapid   an Island on the L. S. Shole waters at the head opsd. to which verry bad rapid we Call raged rapid one Canoe Struck & lodged  Sprung a Leak  onload Passed Several Inds camps on the Island.  Took Meridian altitd. on the island with Sextent made it 74o 26' Latd 46o 29' 21 7/10" North
S W 1 mile to a bend on the St. Side  psd 2 rapid
South 1 mile to the L. bend  passed 2 rapid  a large bottom on each Side
S 80 W 3 miles to the mouth of a Large fork Caled by the Inds. Ki-moo-e-nem   passed 2 rapids Isd. in mouth
West 1 mile to a Ld. bend ps Shore in the mouth.  Wind high which obliged us to Stop.  Kimooenem has two forks on the South Side, & Camps of Inds. all the way up 2d fork called Par-nash-te about 50 ms.  camped on Std. Side to make observt
58

a verry worm day, Indians continue all day on the banks to view us as low as the forks.  Two Indians come up in a Canoe, who means to accompany us to the Great rapids, Could get no observations, worm night--  The water of the South fork is of a bluish green colour

October 10, 1805
William Clark

a fine Morning loaded and Set out at 7 oClock at 2 1/2 miles passed a run on the Stard. [Possibly Catholic Creek.] Side haveing passed 2 Islands and two bad rapids at 3 miles lower passed a Creek on the Lard. with wide Cotton willow bottoms haveing passed an Island and a rapid an Indian Camp of three Lodgs below the Creek [Cottonwood Creek or present Lapwai Creek] at 8 1/2 miles lower we arrived at the heade of a verry bad riffle ["Ragid rapid" to the party, today's Reubens Rapids and shown on Clark's map as "bad rapid Canoe Struck."] at which place we landed near 8 Lodges of Indians on the Lard Side to view the riffle, haveing passed two Islands & Six rapids Several of them verry bad--after view'g this riffle two Canoes were taken over verry well; the third Stuck on a rock which took us an hour to get her off which was affected without her receving a greater injurey than a Small Split in her Side which was repared in a Short time, we purchased fish & dogs of those people, dined and proceeded on-- her we met with an Indian from the falls at which place he Sais he Saw white people, and expressed an inclination to accompany us, we passd. a fiew miles above this riffle 2 Lodges and an Indian batheing in a hot bath made by hot Stones thrown into a pon of water. at this riffle which we Call ragid rapid took meridian altitude of the Suns upper Limb with Sextt. 74o 26' 0'' Latd. produced [Blank] North at five miles lower and Sixty miles below the forks arived at a large Southerly fork [Snake River] which is the one we were on with the Snake or <Sho-Sho-ne> So-So-nee nation (haveing passed 5 rapids) This South for or Lewis's River which has two forks which fall into it on the South the 1st Small the upper large and about 2 days march up imediately parrelal to the first villages we Came to and is called by those Indians Par-nash-te [Probably the Grande Ronde River] on this fork a little above its mouth resides a Chief who as the Indian Say has more horses than he can Count and further Sayeth that Louises River is navagable about 60 miles up with maney rapids at which places the Indians have fishing Camps and Lodjes built of an oblong form with flat ruffs. below the 1st. river on the South Side there is ten established fishing places on the 1st fork which fall in on the South Side is one fishing place, between that and the Par nash te River, five fishing places, above two, and one on that river all of the Cho-pun-nish or Pierced Nose Nation many other Indians reside high up those rivers The Countrey about the forks is an open Plain on either Side I can observe at a distance on the lower Stard. Side a high ridge of Thinly timbered Countrey the water of the South for is a greenish blue, the north as clear as cristial

Imediately in the point is an Indian Cabin & in the South fork a Small Island, we came to on the Stard. Side below with a fiew to make some luner observations [In Whitman County opposite Clarkston, Washington] the night proved Cloudy and we were disapointed--The Indians Came down all the Couses of this river on each Side on horses to view us as we were descending,-- The man whome we saw at the ruged rapid and expressed an inclination to accompany us to the great rapids, came up with his Son in a Small Canoe and procisted in his intentions-- worthey of remark that not one Stick of timber on the river near the forks and but a fiew trees for a great distance up the River we decended I think Lewis's River is about 250 yards wide, the Koos koos ke River about 150 yards wide and the river below the forks about 300 yards wide. a miss understanding took place between Shabono one of our interpreters and Jo & R Fields which appears to have originated in just [jest]. our diet extremely bad haveing nothing but roots and dried fish to eate, all the Party have greatly the advantage of me, in as much as they all relish the flesh of the dogs, Several of which we purchased of the nativs for to add to our Store of fish and roots $c. &c.--

Course Distance and remarks down the KosKoskee River--

October 7th

N. 80o W. 1 mile to a Starboard Bend  passed a rapid opsd.  a Stony point on Lard.
S. W-- 1 1/2 to a Lard. bend high hills Steep
West-- 1/2 to the Stard. Side  passed a rapid
S W.-- 1 to a Lard. bend.  high Steep hills
N. 70o W. 1 1/2 to a Stard. Bend  passed a rapid
S. 60o W. 1 1/2 to a Lard. Bend  passed a bad rapid
West 3 to a Stard. Bend  passed a rapid at 1/2 a mile, a creek on the lard. Side at 2 miles.
S. 10o E. 1 1/2 to a Lard. bend  passed a rapid
N. 60o E 1 1/2 to a Stard. bend  passed a rapid
South 1 to a Lard. bend  passed a bar rapid
West 1 in the Lard. bend, Cliffs high and rugid
N. W. 1 /2 to a bad rapid in Lard bend.
S. 70o W. 1 1/2 to a Starboard bend  open Country,
S. W. 2 to a lard. bend at the mouth of a run opsd. to which 2 Lead Canisters were buried.

October 8th

N. W. 1 to a rapid in the Stard. Bend
South 1/4 through a very bad rapid
S. 70o W 1/2 to a lard. Bend, through good water
N. W.-- 1/4 through a rapid in the Stard. Bend
West 2 1/2 to a Stard. Bend  passed a bad rapid at one, and one at two miles
South 1 1/2 to a Lard Bend opsd. a Stoney bottom
S. 70o W. 2 1/2 to a Stard. Bend, passed an Island on the Lard. Side, a rapid at the upper and lower point of the Island on the Lard. Side.  Several Lodges on Island & on the <Stard Shore>
S. W. 2 to a Stard. bend  passed a rapid abelow which we <pass> halted at 3 Lodges, passed lower point of The Island Std. side
West 2 1/2 miles  passed an Island on which three lodges of Indians were Encamped opposit a Small Creek on the lard. Side and on the Std. Side below Six other Lodges, psd. two rapids opsd. the Island.
S. W. 1 1/2 to a Stard. bend  passed a rapid
S. 40o E 1 1/2 to a Lard Bend  passed a rapid
S. 60o W. 2 to a Stard. Bend  passed an Island on the Lard. Side and a bad rapid
S. W.-- 1 1/2 to a Stard. Bend  passed an Island on the Lard. Side a rapid at the upper and lower point, a large Creek Colter Creek falls in on the Std. Side above the low rapid.  Canoe Sunk here
West 1 /12 to the upper point of an Island on the Stard. Side  bad rapid Lard.

October 10th

South 1 mile  passed a bad rapid at the head of an Island on the Lard Side
S. 20o W. 1 1/2 to a Lard Bend  passed an Island on the Lard. Side, a bad rapid at the upper point, passed the Lower point of a Second Island opsd. the mouth of a run on the Stard. Side
West 1/2 to a Stard. Bend  passed a Small Island on the Lard. Side a rapid
S. 30o W. 3 to a Lard. Bend  passed a Creek on the Lard. Side at 1/2 a mile Some Cotton wood in its bottom & 3 Lodges
West 2 to the head of an Island at a bad rapid on both Sides, Current on the right Side &
S. 30o W. 4 to a Lard. Bend passed a rapid at the lower point of the Island, passed rapids at one 1 1/2, 2 1/2 & 3 1/2 miles, a branch and Indian Camp at three miles
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West 3 miles to a Stard. bend  passed a bad ragid rapid (one Canoe Stuck) above which we passed two large Indian Encampments.
S. W. 1 to a Starbd. bend  passed a rapid
South 1 to a Lard Bend  passed two rapids a bottom on either Side
S. 80o W. 3 to the mouth of Louises River on the Lard. Side, passed two rapids--.  about 250 yards wide

miles

60

The Cho-pun-nish or Pierced nose Indians are Stout likeley men, handsom women, and verry dressey in their way, the dress of the men are a white Buffalow robe or Elk Skin dressed with Beeds which are generally white, Sea Shells-- i e the Mother of Pirl hung to ther hair & on a pice of otter Skin about their necks hair Cewed in two parsels hanging forward over their Sholders, feathers, and different Coloured Paints which they find in their Countrey Generally white, Green & light Blue. Some fiew were a Shirt of Dressed Skins and long legins, & Mockersons Painted, which appears to be their winter dress, with a plat of twisted grass about their necks. [Sweetgrass]

The women dress in a Shirt of Ibex, or Skins which reach quite down to their anckles with <out> a girdle, their heads are not ornemented, their Shirts are ornemented with quilled Brass, Small peces of Brass Cut into different forms, Beeds, Shells & curios bones &c. The men expose those parts which are generally kept from few [view] by other nations but the women are more perticular than any other nation which I have passed in Screting the parts

Their amusements appear but fiew as their Situation requires the utmost exertion to prcure food they are generally employed in that pursute, all the Summer & fall fishing for the Salmon, the winter hunting the deer on Snow Shoes in the plains and takeing care of ther emence numbers of horses, & in the Spring cross the mountains to the Missouri to get Buffalow robes and meet &c. at which time they frequent meet with their enemies & lose their horses & maney of ther people

Ther disorders are but fiew and those fiew of a Scofelous nature [Probably skin diseases]. they make great use of Swetting. The hot and cold baethes, They are verry Selfish and Stingey of what they have to eate or ware, and they expect in return Something for everything give as presents or the Survices which they doe let it be however Small, and fail to make those returns on their part.

October 10, 1805
John Ordway

a clear morning.  the two guides [Toby & his son] who came with us from the Snake nation left us yesterday, and we expect they have returned back again.  we Set out eairly and proceed on down  passed over a number of bad rapids  took water in the canoes by the waves.  passed Several Camps of Indians where they had large fisherys  we bought Some from them.  they have pleanty of Small canoes for the purpose of fishing.  about 11 oClock we came to a verry bad rapid which was full of rocks, we halted and took one canoe down at a time one of them Struck a rock in the rapid and broke a hole in hir Side but with Some difficulty we got hir Safe to Shore unloaded & repaired hur.  the Indians caught some of the oars &c for us.  we bought a little more Sammon and one or two dogs, and about 2 oC. we Set out again and proceeded on as usal.  passed Several Sholes where we had to wade and hale the canoes over  passd several more fishing camps.  about 5 oClock P.M. we came to the Columbia River [Snake River] which is wide and deep.   we went on down it a short distance and the wind blew so high from N W that we had come 20 miles to day and nearly a west course.  this great columbia River is about 400 yards wide and afords a large body of water and of a greenish coulour.  the country on each Side is high barron and mostly broken  some high plains which look pleasant, but no wood only a fiew willows in Some places along the Shores.--

October 10, 1805
Patrick Gass

We had a fine morning; embarked early, and passed over some very bad rapids. In passing over one a canoe sprung a leak, but did not sink; though the greater part of the loading was wet; and we had to halt and dry it. We stopped a short distance above the junction of this with another large river. The natives call this eastern branch Koos-koos-ke [Clearwater River], and the western Ki-mo-ee-nem [Snake River or Lewis's River to the Corp.].  Yesterday evening I had a fit of the ague, and have been very unwell to-day; so much so that I am unable to steer my canoe. In about 2 hours we continued our voyage again; we found the southwest branch very large, and of a goslin-green colour. About a mile below the confluence we halted on the north side and encamped [Opposite Clarkston, WA.] for the night, as the wind blew so hard we could not proceed. We came 20 miles to day.

October 10, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

a fair morning.  our 2 Indians who came with us from the Snake nation left us yesterday.  we Set out eairly and proceeded on down Several bad rapids  took in Some water in the canoes  passed Several Indian fishing Camps where we bought Some Sammon from them  they have a nomber of Small canoes along the Shore.  about 11 oClock we came to a verry bad rockey rapid, where we halted and took one conoe over at a time.  one of the canoes ran fast on a rock Stove a hole in hir Side  with Some difficulty we got hir to Shore, unloaded and repaired hir  Some of the natives caught Some of our oars and poles which was washed away in the rapids.  we bought some more Sammon, & a dog or two.  about 2 oClock we proceeded on  passed Several more fishing Camps.  passed down Some verry bad rapids which were Shallow.  we had to wade in Several rapids to hale the canoes over.  about 5 oClock P.m. we arived at the forks of the Columbian river. [ Actually the junction of the Clearwater and Snake Rivers, on the Idaho-Washington boundary, between Lewiston, Idaho and Clarkston, Washington.  The captains first called the south fork Lewis's River or the Snake River, the Nez Perce referred to it as the Kimooenem.] we proceeded on down it a Short distance and the wind blew So high from the west that we Camped [Opposite Clarkston, at present day Chief Timothy Park.] on the Starbord Side.  had come 20 miles this day & mostly a west course  a nomber of fishing camps along the Shores about the forks.  this is a large River afords a large body of water & is about 400 yards wide, and of a greenish coulour.  No timber barron & broken praries on each Side.--

October 10, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

A pleasant morning, the two Indians that accompanied us from the Snake Nation of Indians left us, in order to return home, We set out early & proceeded on down the River & passed over some bad rapids where our Canoes took in Water, We passed several Indian fishing Camps where the Natives were fishing.  We halted at them a short time; & purchased some Salmon from them.--  Those Indians had a number of small Canoes lying along the shore.  About 11 o'Clock A.M. we came to a very bad rockey rapid, where we halted, & took one Canoe over at a time.  One of our Canoes run fast on a Rock, & <stove> broke a hole in her side, & it was with much difficulty, we got her to the shore, where we unloaded and repaired her, Some Natives that were below where this accident happened caught the Oars & poles belonging to our Canoes, which we lost in the Rapids as we came along, They brought them to us, & we purchased from them some Salmon & 2 dogs for Provisions.--  About 2 o'Clock P.M. we proceeded on, & passed several more fishing Camps & down some very bad Rapids, which were shallow, We had to waid in the Water at several of those Rapids in Order to hawl our Canoes over them.  At 5 o'Clock P.M. we arrived at another of the forks of Columbia River & proceeded on down it a short distance.  The Wind blowing so hard from the Westward that we were obliged to come too, & We encamped on the North side of the River.  We came 20 Miles this day, & our Course has been nearly West.--   the whole of the way.--

We found along shore near the forks of Columbia River, a number of fishing camps, The River now became large & contained a large body of Water which appears of a Greenish Colour & it is about 400 Yards wide & has no Timber along its shores & the land on both sides of the River is barren & broken Priaries.--