October 08, 1805
William Clark

a cloudy morning  Changed Canoes and buried 2 Lead canisters of Powder 2 foot 4 In. North of a dead toped pine opposit our Camp & opposit the mouth of a run   after repareing leaks in the Canoes Sprung Coming over the rapids yesterday    Set out at 9 oClock

N.W. 1 mile to a riae in the S. Bend
South 1/4 thro a verry bad rappid all way
S. 70o W. 1/2 to a L. bend   good water
N.W. 1/4 thro a rapid in a Stard. bend
West 2 1/2 miles to a Stard. bend   passed a bad rapid at 1 mile pd. a rapid at 2 miles
South 1 1/2 to a L. bend opsd. a bottom of stone
S. 70o W. 2 1/2 mile to a Stard. bend  passed an Island <middle of the river> on the Lard. Side, a rapid at head & foot of Island end of the Course
S. W. 2 miles to a Lard bend  passed a rapid & Ind camp 3 Lodges & fishing place, Lowr pt. of Isd. at which place we dined & bought fish  Passed Lower pt. Isd. on Stard. Side
West 2 1/2 miles passed a Island on which 3 Lodges of Indians were Encamped opsd. on the Lad Side  a Small Creek at the Lower pt.  on Std. Side 6 Lodges of Inds.   we halted and took in our 2 Chiefs and bought fish & roots Pasd. 2 rapids
S W 1 1/2 ms. to a bend on Std.  passed a rapid
S. 40 E 1 <1/2> to a bend on Lard.  psd a rapid
S 60o W. 2 1/2 miles to a bend Std Side  passd. an Isd on the Lard. bad rapid
S.W. 1 1/2 miles to a Stard bend  passed an Isd. on Ld. Side a rapid at upper point and lower pt. Canoe [c]racked, a Creek falls in on the Stard. Side. ["Colters Creek", now Potlatch River.  In 1899 a Jefferson peace medal was discovered near the mouth of Potlatch River.  It is now in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City.]
West 1 1/2 to the upper pt. of a Island Std. Side
21 <18>

October 08, 1805
William Clark

A Cloudy morning loaded our Canoes which was unloaded last night and Set out at 9 oClock passed 15 rapids four Islands and a Creek on the Stard Side at 16 miles just below which one canoe in which Sergt. Gass was Stearing and was nearle turning over, she Sprung a leak or Split open on one side and Bottom filled with water & Sunk on the rapid, the men, Several of which Could not Swim hung on to the Canoe, I had one of the other Canoes unloaded & with the assistance of our Small Canoe and one Indian Canoe took out every thing & <got> toed the empty Canoe on Shore, [They remained at this site until October 10, Colters Creek known now as Potlatch River] one man Tompson a little hurt, every thing wet perticularly the greater part of our Small Stock of Merchandize, had every thing opened, and two Sentinels put over them to keep off the Indians, who are enclined to theave haveing Stole Several Small articles those people appeared disposed to give us every assistance in their power during our distress-- We passed Several Encampments of Indians on the Islands and those near the rapids in which places they took Salmon, at one of Those Camps we found our two Chiefs who had promised to accompany us, we took them on board after the Serimony of Smokeing

October 08, 1805
John Ordway

a fair morning.  we delayed here Sometime changing the officers canoes &C.   hid a canister of Powder by a broken top tree.   about 9 oClock we Set out and proceeded on  Saw Some Indians horses on the Side of the hills on Stard. Side.  passed over Several bad rapids  took in Some water by the waves.   passed Some clifts of rocks and barron hills on each Side.  about 12 OClock we halted at Some Indian Camps about 6 lodges of well looking Savages who had Several Small canoes and catch considerable of Sammons.  we bought some from them.  2 dogs also.  we proceeded on a Short distance and halted at Some more Camps at the foot of an Isld. and rapids where we bought Some more Sammon and some white roots &C.   then proceed on  descended a rockey rapid at the foot of an Island where was Several Indian Camps.  one of the canoes Struck a rock in the middle of the rapid and Swang round and Struck another rock and cracked hir So that it filled with water.    the waves roared over the rocks and Some of the men could not Swim.   their they Stayed in this doleful Situation untill we unloaded one of the other canoes and went and released them.   2 Indians went in a canoe to their assistance also.  we got the men and the most of the baggage Safe to Shore.  a fiew articles lost one tommahawk and a fiew light things.  we put the baggage out and Camped on the Stard. Side at high plains. [Below the confluence of the Potlatch & Clearwater River, a few miles from Spalding.]  a number of Savages visited us this evening--  had Come about 18 miles to day

October 08, 1805
Patrick Gass

At 9 o'clock in a fine morning we continued our voyage down the river: passed three islands and several rapids; and at noon stopped at some Indian lodges, of which there are a great many along the river. At 2 we proceeded on again. In the evening, in passing through a rapid, I had my canoe stove, and she sunk. Fortunately the water was not more than waist deep, so our lives and baggage were saved, though the latter was wet. We halted and encamped here to repair the canoe, after coming 18 miles. At this place there are some lodges of the natives on both sides of the river., a number of whom keep about us, and we get some fish from them. Two chiefs [Twisted Hair & Tetoharsky] of the upper village joined us here, and proposed to go on with us, until we should meet with white people; which they say will be at no great distance.

October 08, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

a fair day.  we dilayed loading &c.  burryed a canister of powder the Northe Side of a broken toped tree.  about 9 oClock we Set out and proceeded on down the River.  Saw Some Indian horses on the Side of the hills  passed over Several bad rapids.  took Some water in the canoes by the waves dashing over the Sides.   the current rapid the most part of the way some places deep.  passed clifts of rocks and bare hills on each Side.  about 12 oClock we Came to Some Indian Camps, on the South Side.  only 4 or 5 lodges of well looking Indians & Squaws.  they had Several Small canoes, and catch considerable quantitys of Sammon.  we purchased Some from them by giving them a fiew green or blue or red beeds, and tin &c.  the day warm.  Some of the men bought 2 dogs from them.  they have a great many horses feeding along the Shores and have a nomber of Small canoes.  we proceeded on   a Short distance further down came to Some more Indian Camps at the foot of an Isl. & rapids.  as we were descending a rockey rapids at the foot of an Island on which was Some Indian Camps, one of the canoes Struck a rock and whe[e]led round then Struck again and cracked the canoe and was near Spliting hir in too.    throwed the Stearsman ["Sergt. Gass was Stearing", according to Clark.] over board, who with difficulty got to the canoe again, but She soon filled with water, and hang on the rocks in a doleful Situation. Some of the men on board could not Swim, and them that could had no chance for the waves and rocks. an Indian went in a Small canoe to their assistance. our little canoe went also and took out Some of the loading, and carried it to Shore.  we unloaded one of the other canoes and went in the rapid and took the loading all out of the canoe which was Stove and got all to Shore below the rapid, and Camped, [This camp, where they stayed until October 10, is on the north side of the Clearwater below the confluence of the Potlatch and Clearwater rivers, a few miles from Spalding.] at dark.  examined found everry thing wet which was in the canoe that was Stove.  Some Small articles lost.   a nomber of the natives visit us this evening.  we have come about 18 miles this day before the Sad axident hapened to us

October 08, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

We had a fair day, We delayed for to load one of our Canoes & burying a Cannister of powder; which we did no the North side of a broken top Tree, About 9 o'Clock A.M. we set out, & proceeded on with our Canoes down the River on our Voyage; we saw a number of the Indians horses feeding on the side of hills, as we passed along, We also passed over several bad rapids, where our Canoes took in Water, occasion'd by the Waves dashing over the sides of them.--

The Current of the River has run rapid the most part of the way this day, & in some places we found the River very deep.  We passed by large Clifts of rocks & naked hills lying on both sides of the River.--  About 12 oClock A.M. we arrived at some Indian Camps, which lay on the South side of the River, in which we saw some well looking Indian Men & Squaws; there was only 5 lodges at this place, and they had several small Canoes, which were tied to the Shore.  These Indians employ themselves in catching of Salmon and catch considerable quantity of them  They were art of the flatt head nation.

We stopped with our Canoes some time, & purchased from these Indians some Salmon for which we gave them round Blue & Green beads, & some small pieces of Tin.   some of our party also purchases from those Indians 2 dogs for trifles--   Those Indians had a number of fine horses, which we saw feeding along the Shore.--   The day proved warm.  We proceeded on but a short distance down the River, and came to another Indian camp; This Camp was situated at the lower end of an Island, where lay some rapids.  We halted here for a short time, & purchases some fore Salmon and white bread Roots.--

These Indians were also belonging to the flatt head Nation.--  We proceeded on and went but a short distance, and took in the Indians that set out this morning by land.   we then continued on our Voyage, and as we were descending a rocky rapid at the foot of an Island on which were some Indian camps, one of our Canoes struck a rock, and wheeled around, where she again Struck <a> another rock and Cracked the bottom of it, & was near splitting in two; & threw the Man who was steering her overboard, but he with great difficulty got to her again--  This Canoe soon filled with water & hung on the rock in a perilous situation.  Some of the Men on board of her, could not swim; & those Men that could, had no chance of saving themselves, the Waves ran so high, and the current was so rapid, that they must have been dashed against Rocks that lay below them a short distance & in all probability must have drownded.--   It was very fortunate for those Men, that an Indian who saw their situation from the Island we passed last, came to their assistance with a small Canoe & one of our Canoes went also, & took out some of the loading & landed it safe on the Shore.--

Our officers had one of the other Canoes unloaded and the Men went, and took out the remainder of the loading from on board that Canoes, which had been stove; and got it all on the Shore below the rapid, They experienced much difficulty in unloading the Canoe in the Rapids, the Current being so very Swift & strong.  We found the whole of the loading got out of that Canoe, wet & we lost some small Articles of the loading.--   Our party were all rejoiced at the fortunate escape that the Men made that were in the Canoe, & think that nothing but the Interference of providence was the occasion.   In the Evening a number of the Natives cam to Visit us, & behaved with a great deal of friendship to us all, they continued some time with us & took a friendly leave & departed for their Camps.  These Indians also belonged to the Flatt-head nation.--  We came about 18 Miles this day before the accident happen'd to the Canoe,--  & encamped where we unloaded the Canoes with the baggage.--