September 30, 1805
William Clark

a fine morning our me[n] recruting a little   cool, all at work doing Something except 2 which are verry Sick, Great run of Small duck passing <up and> down the river this morning.

Took equal altitudes with the Sextent at Camp opposit the Junction of [blank] River and [blank] River

Altitude produced from this observation is 42o 50' 45"

Observed time and distance of Sun and Moon Nearest Limb Sun West. with Sextent

Error of Enstrement 8o 45"  Sub Cronometer too fast

September 30, 1805
William Clark

a fine fa[i]r morning a the men recruiting a little, all at work which are able. Great number of Small Ducks pass down the river this morning. maney Indians passing up and down the river.

Course & Distance from Clark's river to the Forks of Flat head [Kooskooskee] river

Sept 11

S. 45o E 1 1/2 miles up Travelers rest Creek to a road which joins from the right on the lower side of the Creek, which road passes from the Missouri
West 5 1/2 miles up the creek on the right  The hills high and ruged

Septr. 12

N.W. 11 miles to the forks of the Creek on a road passing over high points hilley and Covered with pine, Crosd six branches from the left, the 1st three large, psd. a hot hous of earth
S. 75o W 12 miles to the creek, passing a bend of the Creek at 4 miles & over a high mountain on which we found no water for 8 miles, the road bad much falling timber
Septr. 13
<S.W. 7 miles over a mountain & on a dividing ridge of flat gladey land to a Creek from the left, passing thro a glade of 1/2 a mile wide & keeping down the Creek for two miles>
S.W. 2 miles up the Said Creek, bad road rockey Steep hill Sides falling timber to a hot Springs on the right of the Creek, boiling out of a corse grittey Stones &.
S. 30o W. 3 miles passing a bad falling timber to the Creek on our left   passed 3 Small Streams from ou right <thro' Horse Vally>
S. 30o W. 7 miles over a mountain and on a dividing of flat gladey land to a [Glade] Creek in a glade of 1/2 a mile in width, & keeping down this Creek two miles

Septr. 14

S. 80o W. 6 miles over a high mountanious Countery thickly covered with pine Spruce & to the forks of the Creek, one of equal Size  falling in from the right passing much falling timber
S 60o W 9 miles over a high mountain Steep and almost inexcessable, leaveing the Creek to our right hand to the forks, a [Colt Killed] Creek to our right hand to the forks, a Creek of equal Size falling in from the left 2 fish dams or weares across the North fork to catch Salmon
S 70o W. 2 miles down the river Kooskooske to a Small branch on the right Side Killed & eate Coalt

Septr. 15th

West 4 miles down the <Creek> River  passing over four high steep hills to a run at an old Indn. encampment.
N.W. 8 miles assending a ruged mountain winding in every direction passing over high Stoney knobs  passed a Spring on our right at 4 miles to a high part of the Mountain on which was Snow.

16th Septr

S 75o W 13 miles on the mountain passing emencly high and ruged Knobs of the mounts. in Snow from 4 to 6 Inchs deep much falling timber  Snow Contined to fall   passed thro a Countery thickly timbered with 8 destienct kinds of pine to a Small branch passing to our right

17th Septr

S. 50o W. 10 miles over high Knobs of the Mountn. emincely dificuelt, passed 3 dreans to our right to one which passes to our left on the top of a high Mountain, passing on a divide ridge


"I proced on with the hunters" 18th Septr.

S 85o W 32 miles to hungary Creek passing to our left  passed a branch & Several Springs which passes to our right Keeping a dividing ridge   passed Several high Steep & rugid Knobs of the mountains, from the top of one view the leavel Countery to the S.W. much falling timber, a branch of hungary Creek

19 Sepr

S. 80o W 22 miles on our course thro emencely bad falling timber the greater part of the way. Keeping up the Creek for 8 miles, at 6 passed thro a Small Plain whre we Killed a horse, the road up the Creek Stoney hill Sides much worse than any we have passed  left the Creek to our right and passd. over a mountain and the heads of some branches of hungary Creek, over ridges and thro much falling timber & two other high mountains of like discription to a large Creek running West, kept down 4 miles and left it to our left and Crossed over a mountain as bad as usial to a Branch which runs to our left

20 Sepr

S 60o W 12 miles to the Low Countery at the foot of the mountain, passed over into the forks of a large Creek at 4 miles. Kept down this Creek 2 miles and left it to our left hand passing on a dividing ridge  passed Some dreans to our left
West 6 miles to an Pierced nose Indian Village in a Small Plain pasd. thro a open pine Countery  Crossed 2 runs passing to our left
N. 70o W. 2 miles to a 2d. village passing through the open Plains Covered with horses &. & Indian womin diging roots.

(21s Sept)

N. 80o W. 12 Miles thro an opin leavel rich pine Countery to the top of the river hills  passed no water
S. 70o W 3 miles down a Steep hill to the river at the mouth of a Small   Creek on which the Indian village is Situated
West 3 miles down the river to the mouth of a large Creek I call rock dam on the right Side, passing a bad road on a Steep hill side, and place the Indians catch fish at 2 Islands rive about 150 yds wide and is the one we killed The 1s Coalt on

25th Septr.

N. 70o W. 2 miles down the Koskoske River to a rapid at a graveley Island  Hills high & Steep  Small bottoms covered with pine passed 2 rapds
S. 75o W. 3 miles to the forks of the river the NW. fork as large as the Chopunnish River. Crossed to the South side and formed a Camp to build Canoes &c. in a Small Pine bottom opposit a riffle in the South fok &c.
190 Miles


[These are the combined remarks of both Lewis and Clark.]
[September] 2nd Service berries dried on the bushes abundant and very fine.   black colour.
3rd Choke Cherries ripe and abundant
4th ice one inch thick.
5th Ground Covered with Snow.
6th Thermometer broke by the Box strikeing against a tree [This was their last thermometer and there were, of course, no recorded temperatures for the remainder of the expedition.]
8th Mountains Covered with Snow to the S.W.  a singular kind of Prickly Pears.
9th arrived a[t] travelers rest Creek
10th Met 3 flat head Indians in the pursute of 2 Snake indians who had taken their horses [The Flatheads were likely Nez Perces]
12th Mounts to our left Covered with Snow
13th a hot Spring
14th Killed and eat a colt [Clark adds, "Snowed rained & hailed to day."]
15th no water  we are obliged to Substitute the coald Snow. [Clark adds, "to boil our Colt."]
16th Snow commenced about 4 oClock A.M. and continued untill night.   it is about 7 inches deep.  ice one inch thick. [Clark's remark reads, "the Snow fell on the old Snow 4 inches deep last night."]
17th Killed & eate the 2d Coalt
18th Capt Clark goes on a head with the hunters.  hard black frost this morning
19th rose raspberry ripe and abundant. [Clark's remark reads, "Snow is about 4 Inches deep."]
20th I found a horse had him killed & hung up for the party behind
21st I arrived at the Flat head Camp of 200 lodges in a Small prarie [The Indians were Nez Perces.]
22nd purchased Some provisions roots &c  Send Rubin Fields back with Some Provisions to meet Capt. Lewis.
23rd I joined Capt Lewis at the flat head village last night
24th a thunder cloud last evening. [Clark writes, "Capt Lewis & Several men Sick."]
25th I proceed to the forks   worm day
26th Form a Camp at the forks
27th Several Indians visit us in from below.  Set about building 5 canoes.  day very warm
29th 3/4 of the party Sick. Day very hot
30th Great numbers of Small Ducks pass down the river.  hot day

September 30, 1805
John Ordway

2 hunters Stayed out last night.  a fair morning.  we continued on with the work.  the party So weak that we git along Slow with the canoes.  towards evening our hunters returned  one of them had killed a deer and a pheasant.--

[This is the last entry in Ordway's first journal. What followed was a table of "Computed distance" from Camp Fortunate to the Pacific Coast. The table was probably entered during their stay at Fort Clatsop.]

From the mouth of the Missouri canoe deposit-- 3096
To the dividing Mountain head Spring-- 24
To the first fork of the Columbia River 14
To the first large fork down the River 18
To the forks on the raod at mouth of Tower Creek 14
To fishing Creek (after leaving the River) 23
[To] flat head River at first Camp-- 41
To the mouth of travvelers wrest <creek>-- 76
To the foot of the mountain East side 12
To the Flat head village in a plain-- 3
To the first of koskoskia River Canoe Camp 21
To the Ki moo e nem down the kos kos kia 60
To Columbia River down ki mo e nem R. 140
To Snake Indian River on South Side-- 162
To the great falls of Columbia River-- 6
To the Short Narrows-- 3
To the long narrowns on Timn-- 3
[To] the mouth of Catterack River N. Side-- [2?]
To the grand Shoote or rapids-- 4
To the east rapids at Strabury Island-- 6
To the Mouth of quick Sand River South Side-- 26
To Shallow bay on N. Side at Salt water
To blustery point on N. Side-- 13
To point open Slope below perminent Encampment of the party of N.W. Discoveries in 1805-- 3
To Chim nook River in the bottom of haileys bay 12
To Cape disappointment on the western ocean-- 13
Capt. Clark & party proceeded on 10 miles on the Coast North west.--



September 30, 1805
Patrick Gass

The weather continued pleasant; and our hunters killed a deer.

September 30, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

two [The word "two" is written over "one."] hunters Stayed out last night.  a fair morning.  the Sick men are gitting Some better.  we continued our work at the canoes as usal.  our constant hunter out to day.  the party in general are So weak and feeble that we git along Slow with the canoes.  our hunters returned towards evening  one of them had killed a Deer & a pheasant.

September 30, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

This morning we had pleasant weather, The hunters that went out hunting the 28th instant had not as yet returned, and the Men that were sick belonging to our party are recovering their healths.  The party employed at making the Canoes, are so weak & feeble that-- they do but little work in the course of the day.--  Towards evening the hunters returned, & brought in with them a Deer, & a Pheasant that they had killed.--