|July 13, 1805
This morning being calm and Clear I had the remainder of our baggage embarked in the
six small canoes and maned them with two men each [Ordway was in charge of the
canoes, Whitehouse reports he was in one of them.]. I now bid a cheerfull
adue to my camp and passed over to the opposite shore. Baptiest la Page one of the
men whom I had reserved to man the canoes being sick I sent Charbono in his stead by water
and the sick man and Indian woman accompanyed me by land. from the head of the
white bear Island I passed in a S.W. direction and struck the Missouri at 3 miles and
continued up it to Capt. Clark's camp where I arrived about 9 A.M. and found them busily
engaged with their canoes Meat &c. in my way I passed a very extraordinary
Indian lodge, or at least the fraim of one; it was formed of sixteen large cottonwood
poles each about fifty feet long and at their larger end which rested on the ground as
thick as a man's body; these were arranged in a circular manner at bottom and equally
distributed except the omission of one on the East side which I suppose was the entrance
to the lodge; the upper part of the poles are united in a common point above and secured
with large wythes of willow brush. in the center of this fabric there was the
remains of a large fire; and about the place the marks of about 80 leather lodges. I
know not what was the intention or design of such a lodge but certain I am that it was not
designed for a dwelling of any one family. it was 216 feet in circumpherence
at the base. it was most probably designed for some great feast, or a council
house on some great national concern. I never saw a similar one nor do the nations
lower down the Missouri construct such [The Blackfeet held their Sun Dance in a
medicine lodge which has much this description, except for Lewis's lack of mentioning the
center pole which was characteristic of this structure.] The canoes and
party with Sergt. Ordway poceeded up the river about 5 miles when the wind became so
violent that two of the canoes shiped a considerable quanty of water and they were
compelled to put too take out the baggage to dry and clense the canoes of the water.
about 5 P.M. the wi[n]d abated and they came on about 8 miles
further and encamped. I saw a number of turtledoves and some pigeons today.
of the latter I shot one; they are the same common to the United States, or
the wild pigeon as they are called. nothing remarkable in the appearance of the
country; the timber entirely confined to the river and the country back on either side as
far as the eye can reach entirely destitute of trees or brush. the timber is
larger and more abundant in the bottom in which we now are than I have seen it on the
Missouri for many hundred miles. the current of the river is still extreemly
gentle. The hunters killed three buffaloe today which were in good order.
the flesh was brought in dryed the skins wer also streached for covering our
baggage. we eat an emensity of meat; it requires 4 deer, an elk and a deer, or
one buffaloe, to supply us plentifully 24 hours. meat now forms our food
prinsipally as we reserve our flour parched meal and corn as much as possible for the
rocky mountains which we are shortly to enter, and where from the indian account game is
not very abundant. I preserved specemines of several small plants to day which I
have never before seen. The Musquetoes and knats are more troublesome here if
possible than they were at the White bear Islands. I sent a man to the canoes for my
musquetoe bier which I had neglected to bring with me; as it is impossible to sleep a
moment without being defended against the attacks of these most tormenting of all insects;
the man returned with it a little after dark.--
July 13, 1805
a fair Calm Morning, verry Cool before day-- we were visited by a Buffalow
bull who came within a fiew Steps of one of the Canoes <as> the men were at work.
Capt. Lewis one man &c. arrived over Land at 9 oClock, the wind rose and blew
hard from the S.E. the greater part of the day both Canoes finished all to
Corking & fixing Ores &c. &c. The Hunters killed 3 Buffalow the most of
all the meat I AHD dried for to make Pemitigon. The Musquetors & Knats verry
troublesom all day & night
July 13, 1805
clear and calm this morning. we loaded the canoes eairly and Set out with
all the remainder of our baggage for the upper Camp. [Clark's canoe-making camp,
not the camp at White Bear Islands, which they are now abandoning.] Capt.
Lewis a Sick man [LePage] & our Intrepters wife went across by land
which is only about 6 miles distant by land and 20 by water we proceeded
on verry well with the canoes about 5 miles. the wind rose so high that 2 of
the canoes took water. it oblidged us to halt and dry our baggage.
the wind continued untill towards evening. then abated a little
and we proceeded on about 7 miles and Camped. the Musquetoes verry troublesome
in the evening.
July 13, 1805
A fine day, but high wind. Captain Lewis came up here accompanied by the squaw.
He informed us that the canoes had started with all the baggage from the former
encampment, which we had called White-bear camp. [White Bear Islands camp was
another name for the upper portage camp.] The musquitoes are very
troublesome. This evening the canoes were finished except the putting in some knees.
July 13, 1805
clear and calm. we loaded all the canoes eairly and Set out with all our
baggage for the upper Camp. Capt. Lewis a Sick french man and the Intrepters wife
went across by land. we proceeded on with the canoes abt. 5 miles verry well
then the wind rose So high that obledged us to lay too untill towards evening, when the
wind abated and we went on about 7 mls. further and Camped. the Musquitoes
verry troublesome untill 9 oClock at night.
July 13, 1805
A clear and pleasant morning, the Men that were at the lower Camp, loaded the 3 Canoes
& set out early for our Camp, Captain Lewis, a frenchman that was sick & our
Interpreters Indian Wife, went across by land to the upper Camp, The Men with the 3 Canoes
proceeded on about 5 Miles very well, The wind then rose so high, that the Men in the
Canoes were obliged to halt untill the middle of the afternoon; they then went on about 7
Miles, when they encamped; where they found the Musketoes very troublesome 'till about 9
oClock this night.--
The falls in the Rivor mesouri, being ascertained by different Men belonging to our
party, as well as our Officers, I beg leave to give my readers a full account of the falls
of the same. from its head, Vizt.
|to the first great fall is 87 feet Pitch.
to The Second fall lying between 2 falls 19 feet [pitch]
|to The Grand Cascade to the upper fall 47 feet 9 Inches
|to The upper fall . . . . . . .
. . . . 26 [feet] 5--
The total fall above the portage being 362 feet the River descending the whole way and
lies in Latitude 47o 8' 4 3/4 Seconds North & 2,585 Miles from the mouth of
the Mesouri to the [illegible] of the great falls.