June 19, 1805
Meriwether Lewis

This morning I sent over several men for the meat which was killed yesterday, a few hours after they returned with it, the wolves had not discovered it.  I also dispatched George Drewyer Reubin Fields and George Shannon on the North side of the Missouri with orders to proceed to the entrance of Medecine river and indeavour to kill some Elk in that neighbourhood.   as there is more timber on that river than the Missouri I expect that the Elk are more plenty.  The cash competed today.  The wind blew violently the greater party of the day.   the Indian woman was much better this morning   she walked out and gathered a considerable quantity of the white apples of which she eat so heartily in their raw state, together with a considerably quantity of dryed fish without my knowledge that she complained very much and her fever again returned. I rebuked Sharbono severely for suffering her to indulge herself with such food he being privy to it and having been previously told what she must only eat. I now gave her broken dozes of diluted nitre [Saltpeter, K2NO3] untill it produced perspiration and at 10 P.M. 30 drops of laudnum which gave her a tolerable nights rest.  I amused myself in fishing several hours today and caught a number of both species of the white fish, but no trout nor Cat.  I employed the men in making up our baggage in proper packages for transportation; and waxed the stoppers of my powder canesters anew.   had the frame of my Iron boat clensed of rust and well greased.   in the evening the men mended their mockersons and prepared themselves for the portage.  After dark my dog barked very much and seemed extreemly uneasy which was unusual with him; I ordered the sergt. of the guard to reconniter with two men, thinking it possible that some Indians might be about to pay us a visit, or perhaps a white bear; he returned soon after & reported that he believed the dog had been baying a buffaloe bull which had attempted to swim the river just above our camp but had been beten down by the stream landed a little below our camp on the same side & run off.

Observed Meridian Altitude of sun's L.L. with Octant by the back observation 53o 15' --"

Latitude deduced from this observation 47o 8' 59.5"

June 19, 1805
William Clark

We went on the Island to hunt the White bear this morning but Could not find him, after plotting my Courses &c. I deturmined to dry the meat we killed and leave here, and proceed up the river as far as it bent to the S. E. and examine a Small Creek above our Camp, I Set out and found the Creek only Contained back water for 1 mile up, assend near the Missouri 3 miles to the bend, from which place it turnd. Westerly, from this bend I with 2 men went forward towards the Camp of the party to examine the best ground for the portage, the little Creek has verry extencive bottoms which Spread out into a varriety of leavl rich bottoms quite to the mountains to the East, between those bottoms is hills low and Stoney on this declivity where it is Steep.  I returned to Camp late and deturmined that the best nearest and most eassy rout would be from the lower part of the 3rd or white bear Island, the wind all this day blew violently hard from the S W. off the Snowey mountains, Cool, in my last rout I lost a part of my notes which could not be found as the wind must have blown them to a great distance.  Summer duck Setting [Wood Duck, Aix sponsa.]   great numbers of buffalow all about our Camp

[June 17-19, 1805]

Course from the Perogue & Distances &c

S. 9o E 286 poles to the mouth of the Creek   passed the first rapid at 80 poles of 4 feet fall one of 3 feet fall above the Creek   the Creek is 55 yards wide at its mouth.
S 35o E. 270 poles to a high hill in Prarie
S 29o W 48 poles to a pile of Stones on a Dividing ridge in a Direction the 1st rivein
S. 37o E 180 poles to a high part of the plain
S. 22o E 194 poles to 3 piles of Stones in the leavel plain leaving the Course of the Creek
S 31o W. 112 poles to a rock & pile in a leavele Pln.
S. 15o W 400 poles to a pile of Stones, passing the head of a rivein at 280 poles
S. 36o W. 80 poles to a pile of buffalow Dung   passed the head of the 2d holl. at 2 poles
(To the river)
N. 70o W 700 poles to the river, at which place the river only 90 yards wide confined in Clifts, passed a Deep revein at 420 and one near its mouth of deep bluff banks at 644 poles--   at the mouth of this last revein a rapid of 3 feet up the river
N. 82o W. 340 poles to the Grand falls of Shoot at which place the Missouri is Confined within 280 yards and Pitches 87 feet 3/4 of an inch a cascade for 200 yards above which has a fall of about 18 feet below 93 yds. a rapid of 6 feet fall
S. 24o W. 90 poles, passed a rappid 2 feet fall
S. 19o W. 80 poles, passed a revein.  Cascade
S. 11o W. 80 poles to a 2nd riffle of 4 feet fall
S. 31o W 520 poles opposit a rapid of 3 1/2 feet fall and a Cascade of 1/2 a mile of 4 1/2 feet
S. 52o W. 178 poles, through a hand Some Plain river bends to the right 2 feet Dist.
S. 40o W 970 poles to a fall & pitch of 19 feet   passed a Deep revein near its mouth at which a rapid of 5 feet fall, & 10 feet
N. 84 W 102 poles to the 2d great falls or Pitch of 47 feet 8 Inches, a Small rock attached to a bench of 5 feet fall on the Stard Side at this fall Re: the 479 yards    wide river as far Can be Seen down 1 1/2 miles  N. 40 E.    passed a desent of 7f the
N. 86o W. 135 poles passed a fall & Cascade of 14: 1/2   the fall about 6 feet pitch
S 49o W. 58 poles rapid water desent of 2 feet
S 78o W. 156 poles to a very large & fine fontain of water at a rapid, boils up and throws out an emense Current & quantity of water decline 3 feet.
S 25o W. 124 poles on the river.  Several riffles in the river   dest. 4 feet
S. 35o W. 240 poles passed a rock & 3 trees on bank   the fall from the last rappid to this place must be 8 feet
S. 58o W. 88 poles up the river dcint 1 foot 6 In
S. 40o W 80 poles to the upper Pitch of 26 Feet 5 In. and Cascade & one Pitch of 5 feet to the head of the rapid is 23 feet about 26.5 <Inches> in all 49 feet 5 Inches fall from the last fall of 14.9 Inc feet to this a Continued rapid & cascade of about 19 feet fall   river 580 yds wide
S. 81o W. 320 poles to the head of the rapids.
S 55o W 130 poles along the river
S 36o W. 278 poles to a tree on the edge of the water.   passed a grove at 120 poles.   river <about a mile> 1440 yds wide wide
S 6o W. 140 poles to a Small grove at a rapid on the Lard. Side
S. 64o E 78 poles to the lower part a timber in a Deep bend
S. 14o E 90 poles to a tree in the bend opposite to Some low timber
S. 17 W 160 poles to opposit the mouth of Medison river on the Std. Side    this river is 137 yards wide
S. 1o W. 88 poles opsd. the lower point of a Sand island
S. 45o E 170 poles to Some low timber near Som old lodges
S. 13o E. 381 poles to the lower point of an Island
N, 88o E 70 poles to opsd. a 2d Island
N. 71o E, 120 poles to a pt. opposed a 3rd Island, narrow Chnl.
S. 25o E 664 poles to the river at the <most eastern S Easterly>
Deduct 490 bend   passed our Camp in Some woods opsd. the hads of the 3 Islands at 174 poles and a Small Creck at 284 poles, this Creck has back water wh it about 3/4 of a mile and has a wide butifull valey to the S. Mountain
1320 add to the Distance below the Portg River--



the total descent of the water from the head of the rappids to the entrance of portage Creck is 352 feet 2 3/4 Inches



     2 3/4


2 3/4

S 70 E 160 poles to the top of a high hill expirt near the most extreem S Esterly bend of the river.
From the top of this hill the Missouri bears S 85o W. about 10 ms.   the gap of the Mountains is S. 25o W.  The hightest part of the South Mountains is N 84 E
from the mouth of Portage Creek up the Missouri is S 10 W 280 poles & has a fall over repeeted rapids of about 10 feet
Then S 10o E 1/2 a mile & a fall of 6 feet
South 3/4 miles & has a fall of 18 feet
S. 81o W. 1 1/4 miles   passed a run   the fall of about 13 feet in repeeted rapids.
S. 15o W. 1/2 a mile repeeted rapids of about 5 feet fall.
S 75o W 1/4 of a mile to a mouth of the Deep Ravein from the Commincement of this Course to the Great fall is 8 feet   the river is narrow Confined with high Bluffs.

Courses of the Missouri from the commencement of the portage below Portage River to the Most South Eastwardly bend above the Medicine River, noting the particular Cataracts Cascades and the hight they fall as Measured, together with an estimate of the decline of the water in rapids &c. &c. Sept. [June] 17 & 18th 1805.   (S.E. Side)

S 9o E 286 poles to the enterence of portage river 55 yds. wide at 80 poles a rapid of 4 feet, the Computed decent of the water above is 4 feet together makes-- 8
S 10o W. 280 Po: from the enterances of portage River up the Lard. Side of the Missouri.   the Computed distance the water in this distance is about 10 feet 10
S 10o E 160 Po. do  do  do  do  do  Decent of 6
South 240 Po. do  do  do  do  Computed decent of 18
S. 81o W. 400 Po. do  do  do  do  Computed decent of passing a deep Small rivene in this Course 13
S. 15o W. 160 Poles the decent of the water within which distance is about five feet river inclosed in rocks 5
S 75o W. 80 Poles to the enterance of a Steep rivene at which there is a fall of 3 feet which aded to the probably decent of the water in that distance 2 feet makes 5
N. 82o W. 340 Poles to the Grand Cataract of 87 feet 3/4 of an inch.  Computed decent of water in the distance 6 feet.  The river at this Cataract 280 yards wide and just abelow 93 yards wide total 93 3/4
S 24o W. 90 Poles passing a fall of 2 feet purpindicular which added to the estimated decent of 13 feet within the first 200 yds. next above the Cataract makes a decent in this distance rather more than 15
S 19o W. 80 Poles passing a rivene and Cascade decent about 3
S 11o W. 80 Poles passing a Cascade of 4 feet, which together with the probable decent of the water 2 feet is 6
S 31o W 320 Poles opposit a rapid of 3 feet 6 inch fall which added to the probably decent of the water within this distance of 5 feet 6 inches is river inclosed in rocks of a dark colour 9
S 52o W. 178 Poles through a handsom leavil plain the river makeing a bend to the right decent of the water probably about three feet 3
S 40o W. 970 Poles to a fall of 19 feet, below which there is a deep rivene at the enterance of with a fall of 5 feet which added to the probable decent in this distance of 10 feet makes 34
N 84o W. 102 Poles to the 2nd. Great Cataract of 47 Feet 8 inches the river at this Cataract is 473 yards wide and confined   Cliffs of rocks 47.8
N. 86o W. 135 Poles passing a fall of 6 feet 7 inches which added to the probable decent of the water above the pitch of 47 feet 8 inches makes a fall of 14.7
S 49o W. 58 Poles along the river water very rapid  a probable decline of 2 feet 2
S 78o W. 156 Poles to a large fountain near the river.  probable decent of the water in this distance may be 3 feet 3
S 25o W. 124 Poles on the river passing Several Small rapids and Swift water    the probable decent is this distans four feet 4
S. 35o W 240 Poles passing a rock in the river on three trees on the Lard. Bank the fall of the water within this distance at least 8 feet 8
S 58o W. 88 Poles up the river, the probable decent in this distance Eighteen inches 1.6
S 40o 80 Poles to the upper pitch of 26 feet 5 inches river is here 580 yards wide.    to this fall add the probable decent in this distance of 2 feet, also [o]ne pitch above of 5 feet and the decent from the head of the rapids of 18 feet exclusive of the 5 feet pitch makeing in all 38 feet 5 inches fall 51.5
4747 poles = 14 miles 3/4 and 27 poles Total Falls 360.2 3/4
S. 81o W. 320 Poles to the head of the rapids; passed a rivene
S. 55o W. 130 Poles along the river.   low banks.
S 36 W. 278 Poles to a tree on the edge of the water passd. a grove at 120 poles opposit to which the river is 1400 yards wide--
S 6o W. 140 Poles to a Small grive at a rapid on Ld Side.
S 64o E. 78 Poles to the lower point of a timber in a deep bend.--
S 14o E. 90 Poles to a tree in the bend opposit to Some low timber.--
S 17o W. 160 Poles to the river opposit to the enterance of Medicine River which is 137 yards wide, and the Missouri just above it is 300 yards wide--
S 1o W. 88 Poles opposit to the lower point of a Small Island.--
S. 45o E 170 Poles to Some low timber near Some old Lodges.--
S. 13o E. 380 Poles to the river opposit the lower poiont of white Bear Island.--
N. 88o E. 70 Poles opposit to the lower point of a Second island which is Small.--
N. 71o E 120 Poles to a rockey hill Side opposit to a third Island which is Seperated from the lard. Shore by a very narrow Chanel.
S 25o E 664 Poles to a bend of the river.   passing the upper points of the 1st & 3rd Island (at our Camp) at 144 Poles, and flattery run at 284 further river wide Still low banks.--
S 70o E. 160 Poles to the top of a high hill near the moste extreme S easterly bend of the river--   from this point the Missouri bears S 85o W. for about 10 miles.  the gap of the Mtn. where the Missouri enters bears S. 25o W. [blank]    miles and the Penical of the South Mtn. bears N 84o E--

from the Survey and estimate it results, that the AMissouri experiences a decent of 360 feet 2 inches and 3/4 in the distance of [blank] Miles and [blank] Poles--

Portage No. 1

The course from the White Bear Islands above the Nortage N. 42o E 4 miles leaveing the riveens of flattery run to the right.   thence a course to the South Extremity of a ridge North of the South mountains for 8 miles & a half passing three riveens, the 2d is willow run.   11 miles from the Islands.   Thence a course to the hightest pinical of the North Mountain, leaveing the riveens of Portage or red Creek to the right, & the riveens of the river to the left to the mouth of Portage Creek 4 miles & a half, to the perogue which is on the river North Side & nearly opposit the place we buried Sundery articles is 1 mile down the river, The Swivel we hid under the rocks in a clft near the river a little above our lower camp

Course & Distance from White Berar Islands to the mouth of Portage Creek

N 42o E 4 miles to a ellevated part of the Plain
N 66o E 3 miles passed the head of a Drean
N 45o E 4 miles passed the head of a Drean
N. 18 E. 4 miles passed the head of a Drean
N. 10o W. 2 miles to the mouth of Portage Creek
N. 9 W. 3/4 & 46 P. to the perogue on South side of the R.
17 3/4 & 46 P. Portage through an open butifull plain

June 19, 1805
John Ordway

a clear pleasant morning.  Several men Sent over the River for the meat which was killed last night.   Three hunters [Drouillard, Reubin Fields, and Shannon, according to Lewis.] sent up to the head of the falls to a river called medicine River [Sun River, which meets the Missouri at the city of Great Falls, MT.] on the N. Side.   we Set them across here in a canoe     we kept a canoe to cross the River in.   the wind verry high from N.W.   we prepare to move the Goods & baggage &.C.

June 19, 1805
Patrick Gass

a fine day, but the wind very high.  Three hunters set out for Medicine river [Sun River, which meets the Missouri at the city of Great Falls, MT.], a large river above the falls, which comes in on the north side, to hunt for elk.  We finished the burying place, so that we will be ready to start as soon as Capt. Clarke returns.   All our people are making mockasons to go through the prairie.

June 19, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

a clear cool morning.  Several men Sent for the meat across the River which was killed last night.   the wind verry high from the West.   our Intrepters wife Some better.   three men [George Drouillard, Reubin Fields, and George Shannon, according to Lewis.] Sent over the River to go up to the head of the falls to a river which falls in on that Stard Side, Called medicine River [Sun River, which meets the Missouri at the city of Great Falls, MT.] to hunt in order to prepare Elk Skins for the Iron boat.   we prepare to move the goods & baggage &c.  Saw large gangs of buffalow on the Side hills on the opposite Shore.   the wind continues high all day.   we are now 2580 odd miles from the mouth of Missourie--

June 19, 1805
Joseph Whitehouse

This morning, we had clear & cool weather; some of our party was sent acros the River for the Buffalo kill'd, by some of our party Yesterday.   the Wind had blown very hard during the last night, our Interpreters Wife and the others that was sick recover'd fast, three of our party was sent over the River to go up to the head of the falls, to a River which falls into this River, lying on the North side; which we named Medecine River, they were sent to hunt for Elk, in order to get the Skins, to cover the Iron boat.--  We were emply'd at Camp in getting every thing in order, to move the baggage &ca.  We saw large Gangs of buffalo on the hills side, on the Opposite shore; the wind continued high, during the whole of this day from the West, We are now 2,585 Miles, from the Mouth of the River Mesouri, We continued at this place this day, The land here is good, being chiefly Priaries, and producing fine Grass in abundance.--