|May 05, 1805
(Wolf) ... we scracely see a gang of buffaloe without observing a parsel of those
faithfull shepherds on their skirts in readiness to take care of the mamed wounded. ...
Capt. Clark and Drewyer killed the largest brown bear this evening which we have yet
seen. it was a most tremendious looking anamal, and extreemly hard to kill notwithstanding
he had five balls through his lungs and five others in various parts he swam more than
half the distance across the river to a sandbar, & it was at least twenty minutes
before he died; he did not attempt to attack, but fled and made the most tremendous
roaring from the moment he was shot. We had no means of weighing this monster; ... this
bear differs from the common black bear in several respects; it's tallons are much longer
and more flont, it's tale shorter, it's hair which is of a redish or bey brown, is longer
thicker and finer than that of the black bear; his liver lungs and heart are much larger
even in proportion with his size; the heart particularly was as large as that of a large
Ox. his maw was also ten times the size of black bear, and was filled with flesh and fish.
The party killed two Elk and a Buffaloe today, and my dog caught a goat, ...
May 05, 1805
... Killed the bear, which was verry large and a turrible looking animal, which we
found verry hard to kill we Shot ten Balls into him before we killed him, & 5 of those
Balls through his lights This animal is the largest of the carnivorous kind I ever saw ...
May 05, 1805
Clear and pleasant. we Set of eairly proceeded on.
one hunter who [s]tay on the S. Shore all night came to us
at breakfast time. had killed two buffaloe Calfs which we took on board.
we proceeded on. passed bottoms of timber on each Side.
passed a large handsom plains on the N.S. where we saw a great nomber of
buffaloe and white geese. [Snow Goose, Chen caerulescens.]
we halted for to dine about 2 o.C. on the S.S. at a bottom of timber where we
Saw buffaloe and Goats our officers gave the party a half a Gill of
ardent Spirits. Jo. Fields who was taken Sick yesterday is some worse to day.
jest as I went Set off with the canoe the bank fell in & all most filled
it. we directely took out the Sand & bailed out the water and proceeded on
towards evening Capt. Clark and Several more the party killed a verry large bair which the
natives and the french tradors call white but all of the kind that we have seen is of a
light brown only owing to the climate as we suppose. we shot him as he was
Swimming the River. the place where he dyed was Shallow or perhaps he
would have Sunk to the bottom. with the assistance of Several men was got on
board a perogue and took him to the Shore on N.S. and dressed it after taking the measure
of him. he was verry old the tushes most wore out as well as his
claws. the measure of the brown bair is as follows round the
head is 3 feet 5 Inches. do the neck 3 feet 11 Inches do the
breast 5 feet 10 1/2 Inches. do the middle of the arm 1 foot 11 Inches.
the length from the nose to the extremity of the hind toe is 8 feet 7-1/2
Inches. the length of tallons better than four feet [inches].
we found a Cat fish in him which he had Eat. we Camped [Southeast
of Wolf Point.] and rendered out about 6 gallons of the greese of the brown bair.
he was judged to weigh about 4 hundred after [being]
dressed. one of the prty went out and killed an Elk and Saw another brown
bair. we Came 16 miles to day before we killed thre brown bair. we
Sailed considerable in the course of the day with an East wind.
May 05, 1805
The morning was fine with some white frost. During this day the country appeared
beautiful on both sides of the river. We went sixteen miles and encamped on the
North Side. The sick man has become better. Here we killed a very large brown
bear, which measured three feet five inches round the head; three feet eleven inches
around the neck; round the breast five feet 10 1/2 inches the length eight feet 7 1/2
inches; round the middle of the fore leg 23 inches; and his talons four inches and three
eights of an inch.
May 05, 1805
Clear and pleasant. we Set off eairly. one of the hunters lay
on the S.S. last night, joined us at breakfast time had killed two bufflaoe
Calfs. we proceeded on. Saw buffaloe Elk Deer & goats on each side
of the River. passed bottoms and plains on each side. at 12 oC. we
Saw 4 bair on a Sand beach on S.S. passed a handsom large plain on the N.S.
we halted to dine on the South Side at a bottom of timber. our
officers Gave out to the party a half a Gill of ardent Spirits. we Saw
buffaloe and flocks of Goats. Jo. Fields verry Sick. [See Lewis's entry for
May 4.] we proceeded on. towards evening, we killed a
verry large bair in the River. the Natives call it white but it is of a light
brown coulour the measuer of the brown bair is as follows, round the
head is three-feet 5 Inches, do the neck 3 feet 11 Inches, do the breast 5 feet 10 1/2
Inches. also round the middle of the arm one foot 11 inches. the
length of tallons 4 feet 3/4 Inches. his teeth or tusk or tuskes were allmost
worn out. the toe nales were worn Short. when we got him to Shore
we halted for the night on the N.S. dressed the sd. brown bair found a fish in him,
which he had caught & eat. we rendred out about 6 Gallons of Greese and
did not render only a part of it he was not fat but reckened to be about
600 weight as he was killed. one of the hunters went out and killed an elk & Saw
another bair nearly of the Same discription. Came 16 miles this day.
May 05, 1805
We had a Clear and pleasant weather, We set out Early this morning, and proceeded on
our Voyage; we stoped at 8 o'Clock in Order to break fast on the South side of the River,
where we were join'd by one of our hunters who had laid out on that shore all night, he
had killed two buffalo calves which were brought to us-- At 9 oClock A.M we set out
again and proceeded on; and saw Buffalo, Elk, & deer in gangs in the Priaries, &
Goats in large flocks on the Hills on both sides of the River, and some bottom lands,
likewise lying on both sides of the River, At 12 o'Clock A.M. we saw 4 Bear on a Sand
beach which lay on the South side of the River, and passed some handsome plains lying on
the North side, At one o'Clock P.M the party halted to dine, in a bottom of Timber'd land
lying on the South shore, here our Officers gave each Man of the party, half a Gill of
Ardent Spirits, at this place we saw flocks of Goats & Gangs of buffalo in abundance
on both sides of the River.-- One of our party named <Shield> John Fields, was
taken very Sick at this place.-- At 3 oClock P.M. we got under way, and proceeded on
'till towards Evening, and saw a very large bear in the River.--
The men who belonged to the party, that was on board the foremost Pettyauger, shot at;
and killed this bear; and got him near the shore on the North side of the River, he was
one of those called by the Natives, the white bear, altho' his Colour was a light brown.--
As he was by far the largest of the kind, we had seen, Our officers on their
arrival; had his dimensions taken which were as follows.-- Round the head three feet
5 Inches, Round the neck, Three feet 11 Inches; Round the breast five feet 10 1/2 Inches,
Round the middle of the Arm (or fore foot) One foot 11 Inches, The length of this animal
from the Nose to the extremity of his hind Claws 8 ft. 7 1/2 Inches His Talons
5 Inches, his Tushes were all nearly worn off, and his Nails on the fore feet, worn short,
The Offercers order'd the Pettyaugers to put too at this place and we encamp'd in Order to
Skin and cut up this bear & get it on the Shore, it nearly took our whole party to
hawl him up <which lay> on the North side of the River, in a bottom covered with
Timber,-- We dressed this huge animal & found in him a large fish which was
fresh & which we supposed he had caught & eat at the time our Men shot him, We got
from part of the fat taken out of this Bear, Six Gallons of oil, when melted, he was not
so vary fat, but at the nearest calculation weigh'd Six hundred pounds Nett weight--
One of our hunters went out a hunting, and killed an Elk, which was brought to our
Camp, he mention'd that he had seen on his Route, another Bear, of the same kind, as the
One we had killed, and full as large.-- The distance that we come this day was 16